Full Form of NGO: Non-Governmental Organization
NGO Full Form is a Non-Governmental Organization. NGO refers to associations that do not belong to either the “for-profit” company or the government. It is made up of citizens of a nation and is generally funded by foundations, governments, businesses, and individual citizens.
According to the World Bank, NGOs can be classified as (a) operating NGOs that are associated with the development of various projects, (b) advocacy NGOs that are associated with promoting a cause. Some of the popular NGOs in India include Deepalaya, Smile Foundation, Pratham, Sammaan Foundation, Udaan Welfare Foundation, HelpAge India, etc.
In fact, there are variations in NGOs, such as (1) Business-friendly International or Big International or BINGO, p. For example, Red Cross, (2) NGO or international NGO, p. For example, Oxfam, (3) environmental NGO or ENGO – p. For example, World Wildlife Fund, (4) Quasi-autonomous NGO or QUANGO – p. For example, ISO, (5) international religious NGO or RINGO – p. For example, Catholic Relief Services, (5) NGO organized by donors or DONGO, (6) NGO for technical assistance or TANGO, (7) NGO for market defense or MANGO
NGO Full form: additional information
NGOs have greater relevance, especially when these organizations have started to play an important role in promoting and developing many objectives directed at various social issues, such as child labor, freedom of expression, gay rights and others. topics. Before discussing the various facets of non-governmental organizations, hereinafter referred to as NGOs, we will begin with the introductory segment on them.
Introduction to NGOs
As the name itself is pretty self-evident, an NGO does not function like a government body or a for-profit company. NGO is an independent organization, largely free from state control. These organizations are generally established by citizens, but there are many NGOs that get their funding from corporations, governments, other foundations, and even individuals. These organizations are usually run by volunteers. As mentioned above, these organizations are some of the most diverse organizations in the world, dealing with a large number of issues relevant to society at large. There are NGOs, which are established for charitable purposes, while many NGOs register for tax exemption based on the social cause that the organization pursues. NGO full form.
There are millions of NGOs currently operating in different parts of the world, and the United States of America alone has approximately 1.5 million NGOs. In Russia, there are more than 300,000 active NGOs. As far as India is concerned, there are over two million NGOs in the country, one NGO for every 600 people and this number clearly exceeds the number of primary schools and health centers in the country. There is no defined definition of the word “NGO” and the word is understood in different senses.
For example, in many countries, the word NGO is often used to refer to an organization, which in any other country would be called a Non-Profit Organization (abbreviated as NPO). NGOs have many classifications and the focus is on the stage of operation and guidance of an NGO for classification. The word orientation refers to the type of activities that an NGO carries out, such as work, women’s rights, gay rights, etc. they are regional or national or international.
The first time the word NGO was used was in 1945, when the United Nations was founded. (abbreviated as UN). The UN is originally a non-governmental organization and has introduced certain resolutions granting certain specialized NGOs observer status. It is now widely understood that an organization without any government control can be called an NGO. This, however, comes with one condition and that is that the organization must be non-profit and non-prevention. Now that we are done with the introductory segment, it is time for us to address other facets of an NGO. We will start with the classification of an NGO.
Classification of an NGO : Full Form of NGO
As mentioned in the introductory segment, an NGO is classified based on its orientation and level of operation. Both of these classification heads will be discussed in this segment.
Orientation as a basis for classification
The following are some of the examples that show the classification of NGOs based on their respective orientations:
Charitable organization: this title includes the NGOs that are dedicated to the collection and use of charitable funds for the performance of their functions. These NGOs are often geared towards meeting the needs of people in need.
Empowering Orientation: It is yet another classification based on orientation. NGOs with such an orientation aim to help the poor in a way that enables them to better understand them in relation to the various economic, social and political factors that affect them. These NGOs strive to make poor people aware of their rights and the various ways to control their lives.
Service Orientation: An NGO with this orientation category engages in activities such as family planning, health management, and education. NGOs carry out various programs to facilitate the participation of people in need.
Participatory Guidance: Participatory Guidance NGOs are defined by various self-help programs they run. In such programs, the local population participates in their implementation by pooling resources such as labor, money, materials from the land, etc.
Operation level as a basis for classification
As mentioned above, the level of operation refers to the scale with which an organization organizes its programs and fulfills many of its functions. Under this heading, we will discuss various types of categories under the Operation Level Classification.
International NGOs: the name itself is clear about the scale. These NGOs operate internationally and their operations have expanded to various international jurisdictions. Examples include NGOs such as Greenspeace, Save the Children, Ford Foundation, Rockefeller Foundation and Oxfam International.
National NGO: These NGOs have limited their functions and programs within national borders. They have a prominent presence in various cities and towns of the country with many offices and branches. Some examples of organizations such as CRY etc.
Citywide NGO: The area of operation is reduced to a particular city. This NGO is include small ethnic groups, community organizations, educational groups etc.
Community-based NGO: These NGOs are often the result of independent initiatives of people. Most of them adopt a common regional agenda to disseminate. For example, sensitize the urban population about water scarcity.
Over time, many acronyms related to NGOs have emerged. These interconnected terms include non-profit organization (abbreviated as NPO), 3rd sector organization (abbreviated as TSO), civil society organization (abbreviated as CSO), private voluntary organization (abbreviated as PVO), and social operating organization. ( abbreviated as SMO), non-state actors, (abbreviated as NSA) private voluntary organization (abbreviated as PVO), voluntary organization (abbreviated as VO), etc.
Activities in which NGOs participate : NGO Full Form
The typology that we have discussed in the previous segment is used by the Word Bank. It is these typologies that are indicative of the various activities that NGOs undertake from time to time. The role played by NGOs will be different. Some NGOs only carry out awareness-raising functions. While many NGOs will act as lobbyists, others will run programs on various issues. In this segment, we will discuss various typical activities of any NGO.
NGO operational activities
Operating NGOs aim to achieve small and medium-scale objectives with the help of projects. These NGOs will collect funds, volunteers and materials for the execution of the project within the local areas. Most of these NGOs hold fundraising events prior to the organization of the actual main event. Generally, it is a hierarchy that runs during the operations of such NGOs. At the top level, there are professionals who set the roadmap for the organization of the project. These professionals are responsible for creating budgets, maintaining account information, and communicating with other members who work at the lower levels of the organization.
Operating NGOs deal with a myriad of issues, but most of their attention is focused on issues such as emergency aid, disaster management, environmental degradation, and so on. These operational NGOs can be further classified into operational development NGOs and humanitarian aid-oriented operational NGOs. The classification will depend on whether the operating NGO is involved in secular or religious, participatory or service programs, etc. Generally, operating NGOs are locally based, however there are many NGOs operating at the national and international level.
Campaigning: Full form of NGO
Another group of NGOs is NGOs that run campaigns. These NGOs, unlike operational NGOs, aim for large-scale objectives and attempt to achieve them using the influence of the political system. Due to the magnitude of the objectives, these NGOs have a group of professionals. These professionals must ensure that the other members of the organization are motivated and inspired.
In order to achieve their objectives, these NGOs maintain a broad and strong network of supporters at their command, who can easily be mobilized for the programs that are carried out so that the attention of the media is sufficient. This helps influence policy changes. Campaigning NGOs generally address issues related to human rights, children’s rights and women’s rights. These NGOs are known for holding protests. Unlike operational NGOs, these NGOs make the most of the media, lobbyists and volunteers. NGO full form.
Both in campaign and operational
There are many NGOs that display characteristics of both operating NGOs and campaigning NGOs. As campaigning NGOs use more active methods to support problems, many operating NGOs use similar techniques to attract attention and get a healthy response.
One of the most fundamental requirements that must be met is a healthy relationship with the public. This need is essential for the survival and reliability of voluntary charities, which serve the public. Many NGOs organize public relations programs to have a balanced conversation with the public about the issues that affect them the most. In this way, NGOs could properly design their tactics to influence policy changes.
It is an essential aspect of the general functioning of an NGO. Overhead is a term used to refer to the total expenses incurred in running an NGO rather than programs. Overhead costs also include office expenses. It is one of the criteria to determine the quality and credibility of an NGO, for example, an NGO with less than 4 percent of overhead is considered good.
The World Association of Non-Governmental Organizations states that a typical NGO should spend 86 percent of financial resources on projects and less than 20 percent of overall costs. There are guidelines that have been established by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. The guidelines prescribe that 5 to 7 percent of financial resources should be spent on overhead costs. The World Bank prescribes 37 percent as overhead costs, but even so, the higher overhead costs would create great difficulties for NGOs to generate funds. It will show the NGO with a bad eye, creating the impression that the NGO operates for profit.
Legal status enjoyed by NGOs
The legal status of NGOs will depend on the jurisdiction that concerns us. However, the legal statutes of NGOs are generally divided into four categories, such as:
Trusts, foundations, and charities
Voluntary and unincorporated association