Full Form of USB:
Universal Serial Bus
USB Full Form is Universal Serial Bus. Almost every computer device currently comes with USB ports. Basically, USB was developed during the 1990s and is one of the industry standards used to connect electronic devices or communicate between the devices and computers. It was essentially designed to establish the connection of a computer to its peripherals like keyboards and mouse and external devices such as mp3, cameras, disk drives, printers, etc.
USB is compatible with almost every newly launched range of electronic devices and most phones can be charged using USB ports. There are serial ports and parallel ports in USB, which makes it very adaptable and user-friendly. Some call it ‘plug-and-play’ and is used with various platforms, multiple operating systems, as well as Windows and Mac.
USB Full Form: Universidad Simon Bolivar
Full Form of USB stands for Universidad Simon Bolivar. The Universidad Simon Bolivar is the Spanish name for the Simon Bolivar University, which is also referred to in its abbreviated form USB. It is a public institution situated in the state of Miranda, Venezuela with the motto “The University of the Future”. Established in the year 1967, its serves as a platform for technological and scientific studies.
The University has a rich history behind its inception and subsequent developments. It all started in the year 1967 when the institute was founded. The government had instituted a commission which comprised of notable personalities like Luis Manuel Peñalver, Mercedes Fermín, Luis Carbonell, Héctor Isava and Miguel Angel Pérez. The purpose was to assess whether there existed any possibility to create a study center or university which will be directed towards economic development.
Eventually, the President of Venezuela Raul Leoni approved of the decision to establish such university and signed a decree, leading to the establishment of the USB as an Instituto Experimental de Educación Superior. The original name of the university, which was Universidad Simon Bolivar, was changed Simon Bolivar University ( also in Spanish Universidad Experimental Simón Bolívar) in the year 1969.
Rafael Caldera, the President of Venezuela, had inaugurated the university when Ernesto Mayz Vallenilla was the rector. Gerd Leufert who was motivated by pictorial reproduction of an electrical circuit designed the logo of the university. The entire design looks like a circular pyramid, which symbolizes gateway to knowledge and learning and hence, it is representative of the motto of the university. The university has about 30,000 alumni as far as the records of the year 2010 are concerned. The University is located in the beautiful Sartenejas valley, which is situated in Barita, Miranda, covering a total area of 3,489,000 m².
The USB offers degrees in various disciplines. As far as undergraduate courses are concerned, it offers degrees in Architecture, Urban Planning, geophysics, Computer, Mechanical Engineering, Telecommunications engineering, Tourism Administration, Customs Administration, Organization Management, Hotel Administration, and Aeronautic maintenance, etc. The USB offers post graduate degrees in Biology, Physics, Interdisciplinary Science, Mathematics, Nutrition, Statistics, Biomedicine engineering, Design and Industrial Maintenance, Telematics, Electricity Distribution, Geotechnical Engineering, Environment Development, College Education, Project management, Applied Languages, Latin American Literature, Psychology, Public Transportation, and Informative Education, etc.
There are certain myths and legends popular in the USB. Take for example the logo of the university, which is often called La cebolla, which means the Onion. This inspiration of the logo is in contrast with the original inspiration from a photograph of an electric circuit.
Full Form of USB: U S Bancorp
USB Full Form stands for U S Bancorp. Also known as the USB, it refers to an American public company located in Minneapolis, Minnesota in the United States. The USB is the parent company of the fifth largest bank in the United States, U.S. Bank National Association. The U.S. Bank National Association is also the fifth-largest bank in the United States as far as deposits are concerned and it serves about 25 Midwestern and Western states. The USB provides regional banking services and wealth management services. Additionally, the USB provides services on national wholesale and global payments to approximately 16 million customers and employs about thousands of persons.
The United States Bank was founded in the 1990s when regional banks in the Western and Midwestern areas underwent acquisition. The Bank started as the United States National Bank of Portland, as it was then established in Portland, Oregon in the year 1891 but changed its name to the United States National Bank of Oregon in the year 1964. The United States National Bank was the first of all the banks to have formed a parent bank holding company, which was named U.S. Bancorp on September 9, 1968.
In the year 1997, the US Bancorp merged with First Bank System and the company took the name of the former company. Following the merger, the U S Bancorp strengthened its grasp in California by undertaking other minor acquisitions. Additionally, it took major acquisitions in the upcoming years, the last one being in the year 2014 when it acquired 94 branches of Charter One Bank in Chicago from the RBS Citizens Financial Group. The acquisition of those 94 branches doubled the market share of the U S Bancorp in Chicago.
Let us discuss the lines of business the USB operates. Currently, the USB operates four lines of business: individuals, the business of all magnitude, municipalities, and financial set-ups or institutions. The USB oversees all these with the help of the subsidiaries like the U.S. Bank. It undertakes a selection of financial goods and different services it intends to or already supplies to its customers or other businesses or financial institutions. The Consumer Banking services the USB provides includes services like small business banking, mortgage banking, community banking services, financial planning, and insurance services, etc.
It also offers wholesale lending which includes lending services, depository, management of treasury, etc to various categories of markets ranging from middle-markets to public sector clients. As far as payment services are concerned, Elavon that is a subsidiary of USB offers merchant banking facilities to its customers. The following divisions have been structured into the mechanisms of payment services of the USB:
- The first of all divisions is the Corporate Payment Systems
- Elavon, which offers credit, debit, electronic check, etc merchant processing facilities.
- Retail Payment Solutions that deals with the issuance of debit, credit, small business, gift and specialty cards.
- Another division in this respect is the Healthcare Payment Solutions.
- The last one is the Financial Institution services, offerings its own range of payment services.
USB Full Form: Unified S-Band
Full Form of USB stands for Unified S-band. USB refers to a tracking and communication system that was created by NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) specifically for the purpose of the Apollo Program. The famed Apollo Program, also known as Project Apollo, was the third human spaceflight program of the United States and was executed by the NASA. It was this program that accomplished first successful landing of humans on the moon.
The USB operates in the S-band of the microwave spectrum. In this operation, it combined voice communications, telemetry, television, tracking, command, and ranging into a singular system and this was done with the objective of streamlining operations. Goddard Space Flight Center, also known as GSFC, was given the task of handling the ground network of the USB. The USB involved business contractors like Collins Radio, Blaw-Knox, Energy Systems, and the Mobile giant, Motorola.
The USB system implemented in the Apollo program was not to absolutely substitute other radio transmitters, which were earlier used in space missions, as Apollo still used VHF, the Lunar Module, and Lunar Rover, etc. The USB system used in the Apollo program holds great relevance in space engineering, considering the fact that approximately every human flight space mission uses some sort of combined microwave system.
The USB uses two categories of band systems, depending upon the kind of transmission being performed. For earth to space transmissions, the USB uses the 2025-2120 MHz band for uplinks, whereas, for space to earth transmission, the USB uses the 2200-2290 MHz band for downlinks. Both of these USB band systems are used globally in any space research operations.
USB S-band uplinks and downlinks generally used phase modulation and regardless of modulation, phase modulation has static amplitude. The Phase modulation index in the USB is small, on the order of 1 radian, which facilitates resemblance with double sideband amplitude modulation (AM) but the resemblance does not happen in carrier phase. The Apollo made use of a low modulation because it obtains a strong carrier, which can be used in the measurement of Doppler shift and thereby accurately determining velocity.
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