Full Form of SUV :
Sports Utility Vehicle
SUV Full Form is Sports Utility Vehicle. It also called as Suburban Utility Vehicle. Initially, SUV was meant to combine the capacities of a mini van’s storage and a mega truck’s towing. With the evolution of design, based on market demand, the vehicle is more a comfort van with 7-seat capacity. One of the biggest advantages of SUV is that it can be driven on any kind of road including city roads, highways, farmland, forest roads and countryside.
Typical features of SUV include roomy interior, high seating, increased engine capacity, fuel efficiency, huge trunk space, and more. Similar to cars, SUVs also differ in sizes and classes. There are mid-sized versions to large and luxury versions with little variations in features and looks. Based on the model, they have upgraded interiors, leather interior, and other luxurious features. Some of the popular brands that make SUVs include Chevy, Dodge Durango, Honda CRV, Land rover, Hummer, Nissan Pathfinder, Tata Motors, Mahindra, Hyundai, Ford, AUDI, etc..
SUV Full Form – Additional Information
Sports Utility Vehicle, which shall hereinafter be referred to as by its famously used abridged form SUV throughout the article, is essentially a vehicle that is more or less like an estate car or a station wagon, generally equipped with a four-wheel drive possessing both off the road and on road abilities. Many SUVs are even equipped with a towing capacity of a truck and space for a passenger in the form of a sedan or minivan.
SUVs are extremely popular in the developed countries whereas in the developing countries and underdeveloped countries, there has been an increase in the number of middle-class purchasers. These cars are often preferred for their ability to run smoothly on rugged roads, to last longer, etc. In many countries, owning an SUV represents higher economic status and this is especially the case in developing countries.
An SUV incorporated with multiple functions that are road as well as consumer friendly. With the rise in the popularity of SUVs, manufacturing companies have come up with better technological modifications in order to attract consumers. All of this makes SUV more interesting. Therefore, keeping that in mind, here are five points about SUVs that everyone must know about:
History of SUVs
SUVs are descendants of Land Rover and Jeep, which were extensively used by the military during World War II. Some of the earliest examples of such vehicles are FA-61, Willys Jeep Station Wagon, International Harvester Travelall, Ford Bronco,etc. More modern versions of the same emerged under the names Range Rover, Toyota Land Cruiser, Chevrolet Blazer, and Jeep Wagoneer. The term SUV was not used until the late 1980s and up till then, most of these vehicles were marketed under the category station wagons. The first true SUV was Jeep Cherokee and with its manufacture and marketing, many versions of SUVs emerged and the market thrived.
In the 1970s, the ratification of the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (abbreviated as CAFÉ) standard happened. The standard was placed for the purpose of regulating the fuel economy of all passenger vehicles. Many SUV manufacturers tried to evade this standard by marketing SUVs under the category of work vehicles. There have been many violations of several emissions standards by SUV manufacturers that have given rise to a big debate. The popularity of these vehicles have increased with time and now, there are SUVs available equipped with luxurious features.
Various definitions of an SUV
It is interesting to note that there is no single definition or understanding of SUV. The definition and purpose of an SUV may differ from one country to another. In North America, there are different categories of SUV with unique definitions for each. The automobile industry in the American continent has not decided on a single definition.
Most governments place regulations on SUVs on the basis of “off-highway vehicles” which are basically bear characteristics of pickup trucks and minivans, which are essentially lightweight trucks. Despite such categorization, users of SUVs prefer to call their vehicles as cars, not trucks particularly because SUVs come really handy during family trips. They perceive it as a family vehicle.
Although users of SUVs regard it as a car, governmental standards on manufacture, safety and emissions refer SUVs as a truck. However, for the purposes of traffic enforcements and local licensing an SUV can be a car or a truck, depending upon the state we are concerned with. As far as industries are concerned, an SUV is considered a light truck product. In other markets, SUVs are known as Land Rovers or Jeep.
In India, the SUVs have been categorized under the Utility Vehicle category as per definitions provided by the Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (Abbreviated as SIAM). Such vehicles are levied a 27 percent excise tax. SUVs with certain specifications may be levied a 30 percent excise tax.
Designs of SUV
Designs definitely vary with every market however, most SUVs are manufactured with a body-on-frame chassis which is very much close to that of light trucks. Early models of SUVs were generally two-door models and were available on the market with removable tops. These days many SUVs comprise two boxes design, which contains an engine compartment having a cargo compartment and passenger compartment combined. These cars are featured as station wagon body.
American Motors came up with Jeep Cherokee in the year 1984. The SUV was equipped with many passenger car comforts and truck chassis strength that enabled it to be smoothly driven on difficult road circumstances. Jeep Cherokee is responsible for sparking interest among car users towards SUVs. It substantially led to the growth of SUVs in the market.
The most popular model to have come out was XJ Cherokee, which is now regarded as one of the most famous SUVs ever manufactured. With time, consumer demand grew and manufacturers shifted to the manufacture of four doors SUVs. The shift was quick and by the year 2002, all two-door SUVs disappeared from the market.
SUVs are popular for their upright, high H-point, boxy body with high ground clearance. Because of their body structure, they are more vulnerable to perilous roll over because of the high center of gravity. A Mini SUV refers to small sized sport utility vehicles. A Compact SUVs refer to even smaller SUVs, which are manufactured with less passenger space and cargo. A Full-size SUV refers to large sized SUVs, which are comparatively larger than the mid-sized SUVs and are equipped with greater passenger and cargo space.
Use in motorsport and other recreational activities
SUVs are popularly used in various recreational and sports activities. Many SUVs have been modified considerably to make them capable of being used on rugged topography. In various countries such as China, Australia, the United States of America, etc, 4WD clubs have been created. SUVs are also participants in various races, which include the famous Paris-Dakar rally, TREC events, the Baja Racing Series, King of the Hammers, the Australian Outback, etc. SUVs also participate in the Trophee Andros competition, which is an ice racing series. In the United States of America, the SUVs are used in mud racing events among many other events.
As already mentioned before, SUVs have been modified significantly. Many SUVs featuring luxury features such as higher performance, better technology, and brand image have emerged in the market. One of the earliest luxury SUVs is Super Wagoneer manufactured by Kaiser Jeep. The SUV offered its consumers automatic transmission, V8 engine, and a luxury car trim. The vehicle was equipped with air conditioning, bucket seating, vinyl roofing, and sun roofing. In the year 1970, Land Rover introduced the famed Range Rover. In the 1990s, the manufacture of luxury SUVs increased and vehicles such as Cadilac Escalade and Lincoln Navigator emerged.
A typical luxury SUV would offer better safety features such as side airbags, traction control, crash resistant doors, sensors, and electronic stability control. The Luxury SUV comprises 5 passenger SUVs as well as 7 passenger SUVs, with better cargo facility in each. The popularity of SUVs is such that many automakers enter into the business of SUVs by manufacturing luxury SUVs first. Many luxury SUVs are not traditional SUVs and are equipped with distinguishing incorporations. All of the aforementioned features make luxury SUV a better choice.
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