Full Form of PNR:
Passenger Name Record
PNR Full Form is Passenger Name Record. PNR refers to the record of an individual or group of individuals (or passengers) traveling on a train or flight. After one enters his or her personal details and books a ticket, the entire information is normally saved in the CRS or Computer Reservation System with a distinctive 10- digit alphanumeric code, which helps to locate the record. Once generated, the PNR remains unchanged forever.
PNR numbers are generated by travel website through which people book. Travel agencies are also helping passengers to get PNR. These records are extremely helpful to track the record of the past or future travel for various reasons; to look up the current status of a future booking, and to change the status of a ticket or cancel the tickets according to the requirement.
PNR Full Form – Additional Information
As the population increases, so does the travel. There are various reasons why people travel. It can be for work or business purpose, students travelling for education to different state college / universities, travel to attend some function or just for relaxed pleasure. But travelling has become a part of life for every individual. There are various modes of transport – road, rail, and air. However, road transport booking is instantaneous; whereas for rail and air, one has to book in advance to secure a seat. When a person makes a reservation he is given a PNR number.
What is PNR?
PNR stands for Passenger Name Record that is the details of the passenger travelling by air or rail. This is the data of the passenger’s itinerary stored in the database of CRS or Computerized Reservation System. This PNR was first introduced for airline travel, as many times, the passenger had to take interlinked flights of different airlines.
Thus, in order to maintain the link of his travel, the system of Passenger Name Record was started so that there could be a defined source of data that would be pertaining to that particular passenger only. This record was then circulated to the other airlines to facilitate smooth booking process without inconveniencing the passenger.
Under present circumstances, it is very difficult to get a confirmed train booking at the first go due to heavy rush of travelers. Hence, when a person tries to book a ticket, his name gets registered in the Computerized Reservation System, thus generating his information of travel.
Even if the passenger is waitlisted, he can follow up his booking status by just tracing the PNR. As the booking gets updated, the PNR status changes and shows the passenger his current position. This way he can track his reservation by merely entering the PNR code online, without having the need to visit the station.
Why is PNR required?
When a person tries to make travel reservations, it is entered in a database in Computerized Reservation System of either the airline or the railway. However, with so many threats of terrorism and the criminals at large, it is essential to take precaution for passenger safety. This made a few elements essential while making a reservation.
Passenger Name Record lists the name of the passenger (or passengers if it is a group booking), age, gender, date of birth, start point of the journey, desired destination and date of journey. In case if it is a return booking, then the expected date of return also needs to be mentioned.
In the case of a train, the passenger needs to quote the name / number of the train opted for and as far as airlines are concerned, it is the name of the carrier airline as well as a travel route. In addition, the traveler needs to give his passport details as well.
This detailed data helps to know the identity of the person for air travel and for train travel it is mandatory that the passenger carries some identity proof to verify the details disclosed while booking.
Concerns about PNR privacy
It is true that for security reasons the Government has made it mandatory to enter all personal details about the passenger. Nonetheless, all the disclosure like name, date of birth, address, contact number as well as credit card details etc may not be in the best interest of protection of passenger’s privacy. This can cause safety issues for the traveler as his data gets stored in the CRS and is not deleted even after the end of the journey.
The data remains in the system but merely gets transferred from live status to archive and can be accessed anytime by just entering the reservation number on the ticket. Like any other threats, there are chances of the passenger’s personal details being misused by miscreants. Every system has its pros and cons.
In this system, the data collected for safety reasons of the Government may prove beneficial for the Government as it can stay on alert after getting details of some criminal’s proposed travel plans.However, for innocent, common traveler it may prove a breach of his privacy if the data is accessed by wrong persons. PNRs are not given the same confidentiality protection as medical or financial data. On the other hand, they are considered as mere commercial transaction records.
Forming a PNR
A PNR is a 10 digit code that gives an individual identity to the passenger, as his entire itinerary is entered in that. If a booking is done through an agent, then the same gets saved in the agent’s company’s database too. It is then easier for the agent to coordinate with either the airline carrier if the passenger is flying or with the railway booking system. In the case of dealing with air travel, the agent gives the personal details like name, age, gender, passport number and proposed destination of the passenger to the airline booking office.
Here the details are entered in their Computerized Reservation System and the random number is generated that is linked to that particular passenger’s details. His entire trip details about changes in flights, flight timings, different destinations etc are stored under the PNR code. It also includes additional information like medical assistance, meal preferences, passenger status (child travelling alone, senior citizen, wheelchair-bound person or disabled person, etc).
Seldom has the passenger traveled the length of his journey on single aircraft. Normally, there are changes not only in aircraft but also of carriers. Thus, it is essential for the starting airline as well as the agent to know how the passenger is going to travel onwards. Accordingly, they team up with the other airlines to channelize the journey with least bit of inconvenience to the passenger. Hence, the PNR is shared amongst the various aircraft operators and the agent to keep track of any last-minute changes in flight schedules, baggage rules etc in order to inform the traveler.
How is PNR useful?
As mentioned earlier, with criminal and terrorist threats, States demand that they have the full knowledge about people travelling from one place to another, so that they can intercept the criminal if sighted and the State security is not in jeopardy.
Travelling has become a major part of a person’s life in present ages. However, with heavy rush everywhere, it is difficult to get confirmed booking and then the suspense wait begins. PNR status tells the passenger if he is likely to travel as desired or not. This gives freedom and flexibility of re-planning the trip or modifying the previous booking.
PNR Full Form: Philippine National Railways
Full Form of PNR stands for Philippine National Railways. PNR is the government owned Railways Company in the country of Philippines. It operates on single track situated on Luzon and since the year 2015, it has started operating in Metro Manila as well. The once defunct services in the Bicol Region have now been revived but the Isarog Express and the Bicol Express have now been suspended and are no longer functional.
PNR has started operating on November 24, 1892, but it was known by a different name, Ferrocarril de Manila-Dagupan, (which operated during the Spanish colonial regime). During subsequent American colonialization, it was known as Manila Railroad Company (abbreviated as MRR).
After having obtained independence, the company was renamed as the Philippine RailRoad Company on June 20, 1946, vide Republic Act No. 4156. Since then, PNR has acted in the capacity of an agency of the Department of Transportation and Communications. Currently, PNR operates on total 1,100 km of route, which starts from the La Union and commences at Bicol.
Recently, many allegations were leveled on the PNR over poor maintenance and services. There was an urgent call for overhauling of the Railway company and restructuring of the functioning mechanism. Thus, in the year 2007, the government of Philippine kick-started a major restructuring and rehabilitation project to implement policies aimed at revival of defunct units of the company and incorporation of computerized services. It aimed at restoration of commuter facilities in Manila Metro, a revival of the Manila-Bicol route and services in Northern Luzon.
PNR operates a number of services and some of them are enumerated in the following paragraphs:
- Metro Commuter: Also known as Metro South Commuter or simply MSC, it operates as the commuter rail facility for the areas around the Metropolitan Manila. It extends its facilities to regions like Calamba city, Laguna. This commuter rail service makes use of locomotives like 2500 Class, 5000 class hauling commex passenger car, etc. Recently, fresh locomotives were introduced for the rail line. Some of those locomotives are Hyundai Rotem DMUs and KiHa 52.
- Bicol Commuter: It is another commuter rail service and is a recent addition to the services under PNR. It was launched on September 16, 2009. This commuter line operates between stations Tagkawayan and Liago city. The government has now decided to extend its services to regions Daraga, Legazpi, etc. The trains running on this commuter line do seven runs per day. Bicol commuter rail line makes use of only KiHa 52.
- Premier Train: It was a fresh addition to the services provided under the tag of PNR. Introduced on March 3, 2014, it makes use of JR KiHa 59 kogane. The train runs from Tutuban terminal and covers areas like Blumentritt, Santa Mesa, Buendia, Sucat, Alabang, San Pedro, Santa Rosa, etc.
- Shuttle Service: Introduced in the year 2014, it was another commuter rail line that used Hyundai Rotem DMUs and JR KiHA 52. The train service was however removed in the same year owing to technical glitches and poor performance.
Full Form of PNR: Point of No Return
PNR Full Form stands for Point of No Return. PNR is a popular phrase used commonly to denote a point beyond which one must continue whatever action he was doing because going back is impossible. While it is often used in ordinary conversations, the phrase is also applied in the case of setting off an explosion or when agreeing to terms of a contract. It is also used in aviation where it denotes an evaluated point during a continuous course of action.
The origin of this phrase is in aviation. The phrase PNR is used by pilots as the Radius of Action Formula, which is a part of technical terminology that refers to a point during a flight where the airplane or aircraft is not capable of going back to the airfield from where it took off.
For a long time, the term was used as a reference to the Radius of Action Formula and it was only after 1947 that the term increasingly became a part of common vocabulary. The term was used in a figurative sense in the novel Point of No Return by John P. Marquand in the year 1947. The popularity of phrase inspired Paul Osborn to conduct a play with the same title. In 1993, a Hollywood movie was titled Point of No Return.
There are a number of phrases that share the meaning with PNR. Some of the phrases are as follows:
- Crossing the Rubicon: The phrase is used when someone or something tries to intentionally cross the point of no return.
- Burn one’s bridges: The figurative sense is used to refer to the act of making a particular course impossible to happen. This is usually done so that one remains on one track.
- Break the kettles and sink the boats: This phrase comes from a Chinese saying, which makes a reference to the Battle of Julu.
- Burns one’s boats: This phrase makes references to many popular incidents across the world. One example of such incident is when Muslim army had attacked then Iberian Peninsula in the year 711 AD and Tariq ibn Ziyad ordered the ship to be burned down. Another allusion is made to an incident when Bounty mutineers came to Piticarn island, where ships were burned down.
- Fighting a battle with one’s back facing the river: It is yet another phrase that is Chinese in origin and shares the same meaning as the one mentioned in respect of Battle of Julu. This saying, however, refers to the Battle of Jingxing during Han Xin’s regime.
PNR Full Form: Pinelands National Reserve
Full Form of PNR refers to Pinelands National Reserve. PNR, popularly known as New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve, is a national reserve that protects and preserves the New Jersey Pine Barrens. It is country’s first national reserve. New Jersey Pine Barrens refers to a vast stretch of thick, dense forested areas on the coastal plains in New Jersey. These areas provide shelter to varieties of flora, including carnivorous plants and they are particularly known for rare pigmy Pitch Pines. PNR comprises four forest areas namely, Wharton State Forest, Brendon T. Byrne State Forest, Bass River State Forest, and Penn State Forest. These forests are open for public.
The Pinelands is an interesting forested place where traditional villages have settled for a long time. The Pinelands is home to wetlands; animals from the Atlantic Coastal Pine Barrens ecoregion; berry farms; oak pines, etc. Thus, protection of these resources is an essential task undertaken by the federal government that has enacted laws aimed at the ensuring the same. The law brings together state, local, federal, governments and private sector and provides a legal mechanism for coordination among them.
Being the first national reserve of the country, it would be appropriate to know about its administrative history briefly. In the year 1983, PNR was denominated as a biosphere reserve. It is affiliated zone of the National Park Service, which is the agency of the United States federal Government that is tasked with the management of all the National parks in the United States, monuments, and other properties of similar importance. The National Park Service Organic Act is the empowering legislation that provides for the establishment of the National Park Service. The management of the reserve is undertaken by the New Jersey Pinelands Commission.
The New Jersey Pinelands Commission is provided under the Pinelands Act of the New Jersey Legislature. The Act gave way to the institution of the commission in the year 1979. The primary purpose of the commission is to preserve and protect the natural and cultural reserves of the Pinelands National Reserve and employ measures aimed at the development of the park. The constitution of the commission has 15 commissioners, among whom seven are appointed directly by the Governor of New Jersey subject to the senate’s acceptance. The other seven commissioners are selected by the several counties of New Jersey.
The counties that are involved in the appointment of the commissioners are Atlantic, Cape May, Camden, Cumberland, Gloucester, Burlington, and Ocean. The remaining one commissioner is directly appointed by the United States Secretary of the Interior. The term of the commissioners is three years and they are not given any formal payment. The commission generally convenes monthly meetings and lays down development proposals or review existing preservation policies and programs to ensure better functioning of the reserve. These commissioners come from various backgrounds essential for the effective management of the reserve. The attainment of the goals of the commission is essential for the survival of the Pineland ecosystem and therefore, stricter provisions are entailed in the laws to ensure greater accountability in the commission.
Full Form of PNR: Panhandle Northern Railroad Company
PNR Full Form refers to Panhandle Northern Railroad Company. It is a railway company that operates short rail lines, covering the distance of 50 km between Borger and Panhandle, both in Texas. The PNR rail line is basically a continually welded rail line.
PNR manages Chevron Phillips, Orion, Sid Richardson, Van Waters, Agrium, scrap metal, carbon black, etc. The current policy of PNR is aimed at undertaking development projects for construction at unused places alongside the rail line, which will ultimately improve the reputation of the company.
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