JCB Full Form refer to the British MNC Joseph Cyril Bamford Excavators Limited. JCB is the largest manufacturer in Europe that makes heavy equipment for construction. JCB has manufacturing plants across 4 continents. The backhoe loader, otherwise known as ‘digger’, was introduced in 1953. Ever since its inception, JCB has become one of the brand leaders with the yellow machines becoming a significant part of the language of landscapes and constructions. The term ‘JCB’ is even found its place in Oxford Dictionary
JCB was the first one to develop high-speed tractors, which still holds the place, as it is exclusively designed to handle versatility of the road surface and can go up to 65kph. The company has won several awards for innovation, design, and exports. JCB has even been the theme for many songs. The yellow colors of the machines are chosen for safety reasons – to be visible even in all light conditions.
JCB Full Form – Additional Information
The topic of discussion, which is and as mentioned as the head, is J.C. Bamford Excavators Limited (abbreviated as JCB) that is one the most prominent British multinational companies that is headquartered in Rocester, Stafforshire. The multinational company, which shall now be referred to as JCB throughout the article, deals with the manufacture of tools for agriculture, waste, construction, and works related to demolition.
By prominence, it is meant that the company is the third biggest construction tools manufacturer in the world. Stats show that the company produces about 300 different types of machineries, which includes excavators, diesel engines, backhoes. The company has about 22 factories established in Asia, South America, and North America. The worldwide prominence can be gauged by the fact that the company sells its tools manufactured in over 150 countries across the globe.
The company was founded by Joseph Cyril Bamford in the year 1945 and the company continues to be Bamford family’s. JCB, despite being a trademark, has found a place in the colloquial use as in countries like the United Kingdom and India, where JCB is often used to refer to excavators and diggers. The word even appears in the Oxford English Dictionary. Now that we have had a brief introduction to the JCB, it is time we discussed in detail various facets of JCB. So, here are some facts you must know about the world’s largest construction tools manufacturer company.
History behind the foundation of JCB:
In order to understand something fully, it is important that one should begin with the history. History narrates a lot about the subject matter of study and helps the learner appreciate even more. Thus, as far as the article and the subject matter is concerned, it is apt to begin the discussion on various facets of JCB with its history.
JCB was founded in a small garage, which the founder Joseph Cyril Bamford used. He made his first vehicle from remnants of war materials. The vehicle he had made was a tripping trailer. On the day when he made his first vehicle, his child Anthony was born. He sold the trailer in the market and built another trailer. The first trailer has been preserved as a memorabilia.
By the year 1948, there were six persons who were working in the company. The company, in that year, made Europe’s first hydraulic tipping trailer. In the following two years, the operations were shifted to a Cheese factory, which was situated in Rocester. In the year 1953, the company came up with a backhoe loader, which had the JCB mark on it for the first time. The logo was created by Derby Media and Leslie Smith, who was the advertising designer. Subsequently, in the year 1957, the company launched the product “hydra-digga” that was embedded with an excavator and a major leader. This product worked as an all-purpose tool that was applicable for construction and agricultural areas.
In the year 1979, JCB entered the Indian market and in the year 1991, the company entered into a joint venture agreement with the Japanese company Sumitomo for the purpose of producing excavators in Japan. The agreement with Sumitomo ended in the year 1998. Two years after, a factory was opened in Pooler, the United States and in the following year, in Brazil.
The production capacity and worldwide prominence of JCB increased with time and by the time it touched the 21st century, it had already become a worldwide name in the field of digging and excavation. The first engine designed and also manufactured by JCB was put into production in the year 2004. The name of the engine was JCB444. The following year, a major event occurred. The company purchased another company after long 40 years. It purchased a German equipment firm, which came by the name Vibromax.
In that very same year, JCB established a new factory in Pudong situated in China. The company had grown big, with twice as many employees as in the year 1975. By the year 2006, the company was employing more than 4000 employees and the numbers eventually went up. Since then, the company started venturing in projects that are more expensive with different companies across the globe.
Following the launch of a design competition in architecture in the year 2007 overseen by the Royal Institutes of British Architects’ (abbreviated as RIBA) Competitions, the company started chalking out a JCB Heavy products site that had about 40 million euros invested in it. The company moved its operations to A50 from Pinfold Street situated in Uttoxeter.
The Pinfold site was eventually demolished in the year 2009. In that year, JCB announced its plan to make India its largest manufacturing market. The factory situated in Ballabgarh in Haryana is now the biggest backhoe loader manufacturer unit in the world. JCB was immensely affected by the recession that caused it to remove 2000 jobs but later in the year 2010, it declared its intentions to recruit 200 new workers.
Worldwide operations of JCB:
As mentioned earlier, JCB sells its products to over 150 countries and has established about 18 factories in different parts of the world. It has established those 18 factors in the United Kingdom, Germany, South America, North America, China, India, and Australia. Currently, it employs about 7000 workers from four continents and sells its products through 1500 depot locations.
Rocester, the United States is the headquarters of the JCB, which is incidentally the site for production of backhoe loaders and Loadall handlers. JCB has three more factories situated in nearby Cheadle, Staffordshire that deals with the production of earthmovers, compact tools, and land movers. One factory is located in Rugeley that manufactures cab systems. Three factories are located in Uttoxeter that manufactures attachments, parts centres, and heavy tools. The other factories are located in Foston (deals with power systems) and Wrexham (that deals with drivetrain mechanisms). In the year 2013, the company inaugurated a logistics center in Newcastle-Under-Lyme.
In India, JCB has established its factories in Ballabgarh in Haryana, Jaipur, and Pune. In the United States, there is one factory that is located in Pooler, Georgia and in Brazil, the factor is located in Sorocaba. The JCB sells its products through licensed dealers of which many cover entire countries.
JCB enjoys market dominance in India, with Stats stating that every three out four construction tools that are sold in the Indian market belong to JCB. There was twelve times increase in the revenue of JCB in India from the year 2001. About 17.5 percent of the total revenue of the JCB comes from the Indian market only.
Products manufactured by JCB:
There are about 300 different products manufactured by JCB, which is sold in over 150 countries. Many of the vehicles that JCB produces are variants of a backhoe loader. They include wheeled variants, loading and unloading variants like forklift, etc.
Some of the products produced by JCB are as follows:
- Excavators: One of the most commonly circulated JCB equipment is excavators. It produces Tracked 360 degrees excavators, JS460, JS520, etc. There are wheeled excavators that come within the range of JS130W and JS200W.
- Wheeled Loaders: Another category of JCB equipment is Wheeled Loader, which ranges from hydrostatic machines to quarrying machines.
- Tractors: JCB produces tractors of different varieties. JCB became a popular name in the tractor arena when it started producing first of its kind tractors that were incorporated with high-quality suspension ability and high speed. The JCB Fastrac is a tractor of JCB, which entered into production in the year 1990. The launch of Fasrac has been featured on many television programs, particularly because of the new features that the tractor came along with.
- Military vehicles: The company is also engaged in the production of heavy military vehicles that are capable of loading and unloading activities. One such vehicle is JCB HMEE.
- JCB Dieselmax: It is one of the key products of JCB to have come out in the year 2006. It is a diesel powered “Land speed record” vehicle. It broke the earlier record on land speed, which was again broken by it in the following day.
- JCB Phones: JCB has made attempts to enter the mobile making market. It produced a range of phones that were directed towards construction personnel. The Phones received critical acclaim. The contract to design and market the phones was given to Data Select in the year 2010.
The JCB Academy:
JCB company sponsors the JCB Academy, which is a secondary school with co-educational facilities. It functions within the English University Technical College programme. The school is also situated in Rocester, Staffordshire. The school provides diplomas in the field of engineering and business management.
The school has been registered as a charity under its official name the JCB Academy Trust, which was set up by Sir Anthony Bamford. Apart from JCB as its primary sponsor, the school is also supported by the Royal Academy of Engineering and Harper Adams Academy.
The School divides the teachers and students into three houses namely, Bamford (which is named in the memory of JCB founder Joseph Cyril Bamford); Arkwright (which is named after a renowned industrialist by the name Richard Arkwright) and Royce (which is named after the founder of Rolls-Royce, Henry Royce).
JCB Full Form: Japan Credit Bureau
Full Form of JCB stands for Japan Credit Bureau. Also known as Kabushiki gaisha je shi bi or simply JCB, it refers to a credit card company that is based in Japan. The agency is headquartered in the capital city, Tokyo. The credit cards from this company are accepted at JCB Merchants, Discover Network from the United States, and the Union Pay Merchants located in China.
Let us explore some of the historical facts around this Japanese credit agency. The JCB was established in the year 1961. In a short span of time, the company gained prominence in the Japanese credit card market, especially when it bought Osaka Credit Bureau (OSB) in the year 1968. The JCB credit cards are now issued in as many as 20 countries, with approximately 70 million card members across the globe.
Records state that the cards have been used to purchase about US$ 70 billion worth of goods and service annually and the numbers are rising with every year. The company has founded many lounges with the purpose of drawing customers in Europe, Asia, and North America.
For quite a long time, the JCB did not enjoy much popularity among people in the United States because of the strong presence of Visa, MasterCard, Discover and American Express. Although the JCB credit cards were accepted at many Japanese outlets in the country but the use was relatively low. However, a major announcement of an alliance with the Discover Network caused a significant surge in the company’s popularity.
The agreement inked between the two companies has significant consequences, particularly for the JCB. With the entry into force, the Discover Network Brand credit cards are now accepted at JCB terminals in Japan and the JCB cards are accepted at Discover Network terminals in the United States.
The JCB has launched a wide variety of consumer cards. In Japan, it has launched cards like JCB The Class, JCB Gold The Premier, Honda C-Card, Seven Card, Synergy JCB, etc. In Taiwan, take, for example, it has launched cards like JCB Standard, JCB Eternity, JCB Grand, JCB Precious Debit, etc.
Full Form of JCB: Journal of Cell Biology
JCB Full Form stands for Journal of Cell Biology. JCB refers to an international acclaimed journal run by the Rockefeller University. The JCB is a peer-reviewed journal that is published the Rockefeller University Press.
The JCB has a rich history and therefore, a glimpse on some historical facts would be appropriate. It all started with a small group of biologists who started experimenting with intracellular anatomy with the help of electron microscopy during the 1950s. Most of the research transpired at the Rockefeller Institute of Medicine. The Rockefeller Institute of Medicine is a predecessor of the now Rockefeller University.
When the group had decided to publish their research, they were dismayed by the parochial policies adopted by many publishing outlets. This persuaded the Director of the Rockefeller Institute, Detlev Bronk, to conduct an informal meeting to ponder upon the possibility of the foundation of a new journal that will be able to fully appreciate the research. The discussions led to the foundation of The Journal of Biophysical and Biochemical Cytology.
The first issue of the Journal of Biophysical Biochemical Cytology was published on January 25, 1955. The Journal charged a subscription fee of $15 annually. The first team of editors comprised of Richard S. Bear, H. Stanley Benette, Albert L. Lehninger, Francis O. Schmitt, Franz Schrader, George E. Palade, Keith R. Porter, and Arnold M. Seligman.
The purpose of the journal was to provide a platform for the publication of articles on areas concerning morphological, biophysical, and biochemical researches. The Journal was particularly interested in publishing articles on the cellular organization at molecular and colloidal stages and on cytological researches.
The Journal has published many articles that are based on many important discoveries such as secretory pathway, chloroplast, DNA microtubes, tight junctions, cadherines, etc. The quality of the articles has been appreciated by many academic institutions and general readers.
JCB Full Form: Joint Capabilities Board
Full Form of JCB refers to Joint Capabilities Board. JCB provides essential assistance to the Joint Requirements Oversight Council (JROC) in discharging its functions and responsibilities efficiently. The Joint Requirements Oversight Council is a part of the United States Department of Defense acquisition system, in which it oversees acquisition review process in adherence to legal rules and regulations. The JROC is headed by the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, who also co-chairs the Defense Acquisition. The boards are functional under the JROC and chaired by a JROC designated chairperson and a representative of the Milestone Decision Authority.
The JCB reviews all the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System (JCIDS) and Doctrine, Organization, Training, Material, leadership, Personnel, Facilities, and Policy (DOTMLPF-P) Change Recommendation (DCR) files with due permission of the JROC. The Joint Staff Director, J-8 acts as a chairperson to the JCB and organizes research activities, evaluation and assessment programs, and strategic studies. The Director performs another role as a JROC secretary. The JCB is equipped with functions to undertake developmental processes and oversee activities of the Functional Capabilities Board (FCB).
Full Form of JCB: Johann Christian Bach (classical composer)
JCB Full Form refers to the great Johann Christian Bach. Lovingly referred to as JCB, was the youngest of eleven sons of Johann Sebastian Bach, who was the popular German composer of the Baroque Period. Born on September 5 in the year 1975, the “London Bach” or the “English Bach” was an influential musician who influenced the concert style of Mozart.
Let us explore some historical facts exposing his early years. JCB was born to Johann Sebastian and Anna Bach in Leipzig. When he was born, his father was already 50 years old and this fact is considered one of the reasons for differences in his different musical style from that of his father. After his father’s death, young Bach learned a lot from his second-oldest half brother Carl Philip Emanuel Bach, who was considered to be a music prodigy. Soon after he started pursuing a career as a music composer and his firs musical stint was with a renowned player of the viola da gamba, Carl Friedrich Abel.
In the year 1765, Bach moved to Italy to study music. Within four years, he became organist at the Milan Cathedral. It was during his stay in Italy that he decided to convert from Lutheranism to Catholicism. His reputation took a huge surge when he travelled to three premier operas conducted at the King’s Theatre in 1763. He became a music master to Queen Charlotte. Shortly afterwards, he met his future wife Cecilia Grassi, who was eleven years younger than he was. He, however, did not have any children with her.
With time, Bach’s music saw the decline and that incurred high debt upon him. When he died on January 1, 1782, he already had significant debt over him. Queen Charlotte offered pension to Cecilia on his death. JCB is buried in the graveyard of St. Pancras Old Church, London.
Charles Burney has given a full account of JCB’s life in the fourth volume of “History of Music”. It is popularly known that Mozart met JCB when he was as young as 8 years old. On his first encounter with JCB, Mozart had developed a great interest in him. Mozart’s music style is heavily influenced by JCB.