ISRO Full Form is Indian Space Research Organization. ISRO was formed in the year 1969 with the mission of providing space-based services and develop required technologies to support the same. Over the years ISRO has become one of the largest space agencies (among the 6 agencies) in the world. It sends various satellites to Low Earth Orbit as well as to Sun Synchronous Orbit which include weather forecasting satellites and communication satellites.
Apart from this mission, ISRO has been contributing to the education of space science in India. There are several autonomous institutions and research centers dedicated to astrophysics, astronomy, remote sensing and various aspects of space science.
ISRO endeavors to maintain and edge in technology to meet the evolving ambitions of the nation. India has progressed a lot in the field of Science and Technology and it is all due to the efforts taken by the erstwhile scientists like Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, Prof. Satish Dhawan, and many others. It is everyone’s dream to reach to the stars, and these scientists made it a reality by their perseverance and foresight.
ISRO Full Form – Additional Information
ISRO or the Indian Space Research Organization is managed by the Department of Space of the Government of India. Here all space-related research activities are conducted with a focus on harnessing the universal energy for the betterment of the nation. Space programs are arranged to send satellites into space so that they can be used for transmitting signals and help in communication.
The Department of Space comes under the Prime Minister of India and he governs it with the aid from the Space Commission. The Department of Space has 5 facilities – Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), North-Eastern Space Application Centre (NE-SAC), National Atmospheric Research Laboratory (NARL), Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST) and Semi-Conductor Laboratory (SCL). These along with Antrix Corporation constitute the Indian Space Research Organization or ISRO. There are many sub-branches of the organization and they are:
Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Space Application Centre (SAC), ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC), Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC), National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) and Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC- SHAR). These different centres have various activities conducted under specialized zones. They are:
Development and Educational Communication Unit (DECU), ISRO Propulsion Complex (IPRC), Master Control Facility (MCF), ISRO Inertial Systems Unit (IISU), Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS), Laboratory for Electro-optic Systems (LEOS) and ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC).
LOCATIONS AND FACILITIES AT DIFFERENT CENTRES
Overall, ISRO centres are spread in 23 cities across India. Some places have more than one centre for different research activities. However, the ISRO Headquarters are located in Bangalore. The locations and the centres are as follows:
|Name of City||No. of Centres||Facility|
|CHANDIGARH||1||SEMI-CONDUCTOR LABORATORY (SCL)|
|AHMEDABAD||3||1. Space Applications Centre (SAC)|
|2. Physical Research Laboratory (PRL)|
|3. Development and Educational Communication Unit (DECU)|
|MT. ABU||1||INFRARED OBSERVATORY|
|BHOPAL||1||MASTER CONTROL FACILITY -B (MCF)|
|MUMBAI||1||ISRO LIAISON OFFICE|
|BYALALU||2||1. Indian Deep Space Network (IDSN)|
|2. Indian Space Science Data Centre (ISSDC)|
|HASSAN||1||MASTER CONTROL FACILITY (MCF)|
|BENGALURU||11||1. Space Commission|
|2. Department of Space and ISRO Headquarters|
|3. INSAT Programme Office|
|4. NNRMS Secretariat|
|5. Civil Engineering Programme Office|
|6. Antrix Corporation|
|7. ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC)|
|8. Laboratory for Electro-Optical Systems (LEOS)|
|9. ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC)|
|10. Southern RRSC|
|11. Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC)|
|ALUVA||1||AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE EXPERIMENTAL PLANT|
|NEW DELHI||3||1. DOS Branch Secretariat|
|2. ISRO Branch Office|
|3. Delhi Earth Station|
|DEHRADUN||2||1. Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS)|
|2. Centre for Space Science and Technology Education in Asia-Pacific (CSSTEAP)|
|LUCKNOW||1||ISTRAC GROUND STATION|
|SHILLONG||1||NORTH-EASTERN SPACE APPLICATION CENTRE (NE-SAC)|
|HYDERABAD||1||NATIONAL REMOTE SENSING CENTRE (NRSC)|
|TIRUPATI||1||NATIONAL ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH LABORATORY (NARL)|
|PORT BLAIR||1||DOWN RANGE STATION|
|SRIHARIKOTA||1||SATISH DHAWAN SPACE CENTRE (SDSC-SHAR)|
|MAHENDRAGIRI||1||ISRO PROPULSION COMPLEX|
|THIRUVANTHAPURAM||4||1. Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC)|
|2. Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC)|
|3. ISRO Inertial Systems Unit (IISU)|
|4. Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST)|
FUNCTIONS OF THE CENTERS
The Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) is the important centre of ISRO as the research and development activities pertaining to the satellite launch vehicles and rockets are conducted here. The designing of the launch vehicle, propellants, aerospace mechanisms and other related programs are carried out at the centre. The Space Physics Laboratory is responsible for studies of atmospheric science and space related movements.
100 km north of Chennai at Shriharikota is Satish Dhawan Space Centre. This is the place where there are 2 launch pads and is the prime launch centre of ISRO. ISAC located at Bengaluru has activities like development of satellite technology and application of satellite systems for technological and scientific operations. ISTRAC provides services related to Space Operations and it includes services and projects for launch vehicle and earth orbiting spacecraft as well as spacecraft control. The centre also helps in missions of deep space undertaken by ISRO and other global space agencies.
IIST offers undergraduate studies in Aerospace engineering, Avionics, and Physical Sciences. It also offers postgraduate and Ph.D. courses in technology, space sciences, and its applications. IIRS extends training, education and research facilities in geo-information, remote sensing, navigation technology and various applications. Similarly, the other centres also offer various learning facilities related to space technology and satellite communication.
APPLICATIONS AND MISSIONS OF ISRO
ISRO had undertaken Mars orbiting mission where they studied the planet for its features, atmosphere, mineralogy, etc. By sending satellites into space, one can capture images of the Earth and that can help in studying the geographical changes, climate, environment, etc. Satellite communication has enabled people from even the remotest areas to keep in touch with others.
There are two important equipped systems in use – the Indian National Satellite (INSAT) that is widely used for monitoring climatic changes, telecommunications and broadcasting of television programs. The second system is Indian Remote Sensing Satellite (IRS) that undertakes natural resource management and supports Disaster management. IRS is important in Earth observation as it helps in urban planning, controlling forests and natural resources maintenance, locating agricultural land and its nearby water resources, etc.
INSAT images of the Earth and surrounding are vital for the meteorological laboratory to predict the weather and place the forecast for near future. INSAT has also enabled the widespread of television coverage so that it is available to the masses living in remote areas and villages. DTH (Direct to Home) services, the internet, etc are other advantages of the satellite. GSAT-16 is an advanced communication satellite orbiting the earth. It has an orbital life of 12 years and was launched in December 2014.
IMPORTANCE OF ISRO
India is recognized worldwide as a fast developing and progressive country. Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is definitely helping in boosting the country’s image and putting the nation on par with other big countries like the USA, Russia, etc who have already shown tremendous progress in space technology.
Communication is the key to progress and success and this satellite communication system definitely enhances the transmission of audio and video. Besides communication, entertainment too plays an important role in life. Thus, the television broadcasting that reaches almost every nook and corner of the Earth surely entertains the people and educates them at the same time by airing programs that are informative and enriching.
This is the age of competition and progress and presently one cannot even think of life without the internet. The Internet is a powerful medium that not only reaches many people simultaneously but also a medium that brings the world closer in thoughts and actions. It is surely a proud feeling that we Indians are sending our indigenous satellites and spacecraft in the space. This shows that we too are capable of achieving a foothold in the outer space and its related world and we owe it all to the Indian Space Research Organization-ISRO.