Full Form of HTTP:
Hypertext Transfer Protocol
HTTP Full Form is Hypertext Transfer Protocol. HTTP is the dada communication foundation for the World Wide Web (WWW). HTTP is basically an application layer for nonlinear information systems such as plain text, graphics, video, audio, etc. It uses hyperlinks between nodes which contain text and function as a protocol to transfer hypertext. HTTP is, basically, application level, transaction oriented client-server protocol for distributed collaborative, hypermedia information system. It was originally proposed in 1989 by Tim Berners-Lee along with HTML and the associated technology which is for server technology of web and browser.
HTTP used for communication on the World Wide Web means transferring data between a web browser and web server. The current version of HTTP is 1.1. It includes connection which always persists, chunked transfer-coding and headers which are very fine grained. Basically, all the web communication (request message) is done by the URL like https://www.axisbank.com/WebForms/branch-locator.aspx?OffTypeName=atms. By default HTTP port is 80 and may possible in the place of HTTP you can see HTTPs for security. Above formatted path is a local path to the resource on the server.
How does HTTP Function?
HTTP follows Request – Response or Request – Reply protocol in client- server-based computing structure. Here the web browser can be considered as the client and the computer which hosts the website can be considered as the server. Typically, the user enters the URL in the web browser in order to access any file (which can be text, video or audio). The web browser which is the client here submits a HTTP request (request message) to the server. The server, upon receiving the request from the client, a process that request and returns the result (response message) to the client. The response message will contain the requested content or information in its body.
At the time of communication, some actions should be performed on the host that is call HTTP verbs.
Following are the verbs
- Get: – Fetching an existing resource.
- Post: – Use for creating a new resource.
- Put: – This will update an existing resource.
- Delete: – Removing an existing resource.
For getting a web resource using Protocol called HTTP from the browser we use URL. Following steps are used to get the information from the URL:-
STEP 1:- User issue URL from a browser. (Send by client browser)
STEP 2:- Browser sends a request message through HTTP (over TCP/IP).
STEP 3:- Server maps the URL to a file or program under the document directory (@ host port)
STEP 4:- Server Returns a response message on HTTP through host port.
STEP 5:- Browser formats the response and displays.
How to use HTTP – A Practical approach:
Let us consider a hypothetical situation that you want to access our website “Full Form Dictionary”. For that, you should type,
Again if you wish to access the page “HTTP Full Form”, then you should type,
For More Full Forms:
For Further Reading: