Full Form of GPRS :
General Packet Radio Service
GPRS Full Form denotes the General Packet Radio Service. GPRS could refer to the 2G, 3G or 2.5G (which is in between 2G and 3G) and was one among the most popular data access models in Asia and Europe. Later it was adopted by some of the carrier network giants like Rogers and T-mobile in Canada and US. With the advancement of technology the faster versions of 3G and 4Gs were introduced. GPRS promises rates of data to more than 114 Kbps with uninterrupted connectivity to the mobile and computer users.
It also facilitates video conferences and usage of multimedia sites with handheld devices without interruption. Since it is based on GSM or Global System for Mobile communication, it enhances services like SMS and circuit-switched connections. It also boosts Bluetooth connections and supports IP or Internet Protocol and X.25, which is a packet protocol mainly used in Europe. In essence, GPRS is a major step of evolution in the direction of EDGE – Enhanced Data GSM Environment and UMTS – Universal Mobile Telephone Service.
GPRS Full Form – Important Information
As the subject of our discussion, we have a commonly known service General Packet Radio Service, which is also known by its much popular abbreviated form GPRS. Considering the fact that most of the people only have a layman understanding of what GPRS technology is, this article will elaborately discuss some of the facets of the technology. We shall, however, begin with the brief introduction of the GPRS technology, followed by other aspects of the same.
Introduction to the GPRS technology
General Packet Radio Service, hereinafter referred to as GPRS, refers to packet-oriented data service on mobiles. This service works on the Global System for Mobile Communications (abbreviated as GSM), particularly on the 2G and 3G mobile connections. The GPRS technology is a standard service, which the European Telecommunication Standards Institute (abbreviated as ETSI) has standardized.
The standardization is a reaction to the previous Cellular Digital Packet Data (Abbreviated as CDPD) and i-mode cellular technologies. The task of maintaining the GPRS technology is in the hands of 3rd Generation Partnership project (abbreviated as 3GPP). The charges on the use of the GPRS service depends on upon the volume of the transferred data, which contrasts with circuit switched data. The circuit switched data is generally billed every minute of connection time. When the GPRS service is used beyond the bundle cap, the charge is per megabyte and the speed is limited.
The GPRS technology is regarded as best-effort service, in which a prescribed network does not assure that the user will be delivered the promised quality of data service. The GPRS service is, therefore, subject to variations and latency, which will primarily depend on the number of users sharing the service at the same time. This is opposite to the aforementioned circuit switched data, in which a particular quality of service (abbreviated as QoS) is assured in a given connection. Generally, a typical GPRS service provides data rates at about 56-114 kbit/second.
The combination of the GPRS and 2G technology is often referred to as 2.5G, which alludes to the service as being in between the 2G and 3G cellular communications. The GPRS service makes use of the unused Time Division Multiple Access (abbreviated as TDMA) channels to facilitate a moderately sped transfer of data. Now that we have discussed some introductory aspects of the GPRS technology, we shall move to other aspects of the technology. The following segment will deal with the history behind the development of the technology.
History behind the GPRS technology
In the year 2000, the GPRS service was opened up as a packet switched data service, which was suitable for the GSM network. The GPRS has the capacity to connect mobile terminals from across the world by extending its outreach to fixed internet. In between the years 1991-1993, the CELLPAC protocol came into existence. It is considered to be a crucial event, which led to the standardization of the GPRS system by ETSI in the year 1993.
In fact, the CELLPAC Voice & Data functions, which had introduced a 1993 ETSI Workshop Contribution, is considered to be an essential source of development in the GPRS technology. Systems, which succeeded GSM networks and GPRS such as W-CDMA and LTE also function on many key GPRS functions for the purpose of accessing the mobile internet access. History says that the inventors of the GPRS technology are Bernhard Walke and a student of his Peter Decker and are, therefore, the ones who ensured worldwide mobile data access.
Usability of the GPRS
Under this head, we shall talk about the speed of the GPRS technology and what kind of usages it has. The utmost speed that a GPRS connection can offer as far as the year 2003 is concerned is nearly similar to that of a modem connecting an analog wire telephone network. The speed is about 32-40 kbit/s, which also depends on upon the kind of phone in use. In the case of a GPRS connection, latency is pretty much high. The Round-trip time (abbreviated as RTT) is generally around 600-700 ms. The connection speed might even reach 1s. However, the round-trip time can be effectively reduced if certain enhancements are incorporated and these enhancements will significantly improve the application level throughput speeds.
Protocols supported by GPRS
The following list enumerates the different types of protocols that are supported by GPRS:
- Point-to-point Protocol (abbreviated as PPP)
- Internet protocol (abbreviated as IP)
- 25 connections: These are often used in applications such as wireless payment terminals.
Services offered through GPRS
There are multifold of services that the GPRS technology offers to its users. Some of them have been mentioned in the following paragraphs:
- Multimedia Messaging Service, which is also known by its popularly used abbreviated form MMS.
- Point-to-multipoint (abbreviated as P2M) service.
- Push-to-talk over Cellular (abbreviated as PoC).
- SMS services
- Instant Messaging services are also provided.
- Access to certain internet applications with the help of wireless application protocol (abbreviated as WAP)
- Point-to-point services.
There are many other services that GPRS technology provides and has the potential to provide. All of the services shall not be discussed here. There are many technical aspects of certain services, which shall be subject to intensive reading.
GPRS Full Form: Global Packet Radio Service
Full Form of GPRS stands for Global Packet Radio Service. It refers to the packet-oriented wireless communication service, which offers data rates between 56kbps and 114 kbps along with continuous Internet connection for computer and mobile users. Global Packet Radio Service was basically standardized by the ETSI or European Telecommunications Standards Institute and currently the 3GPP or 3rd Generation Partnership Project maintains it. The usage of GPRS is charged depending on the volume of the data that is transferred in contrast with the circuit switched data (billed per minute).
In other words, when the data rates are high, it lets users to participate in videoconferences or use multimedia websites using handheld devices and notebook computers. Theoretically, the cost of GPRS to the users is less than the circuit-switched services.
GPRS complements Bluetooth and in addition to IP or Internet Protocol, it also supports X25 – a packet-based protocol, which is mainly used in Europe. GPRS is a step towards the evolution of EDGE or Enhanced Data GSM Environment and UTMS or Universal Mobile Telephone Service. GPRS also supports PPP or Point-to-Point Protocol where the mobile can be used as a modem for the computer that is connected and PPP can help to tunnel the IP to the phone. This helps in dynamically assigning DHCP and IPCP to the mobile device.
Full Form of GPRS: Great Pyrenees Rescue Society
GPRS Full Form refers to Great Pyrenees Rescue Society. It is a non-profit group of volunteers who dedicate their services to rescue, rehabilitate, and rehome the Great Pyrenees dog breeds whose lives are endangered. The majority of the dogs are from kill shelters in and around Greater Houston, which are placed in foster homes till they have permanent homes.
The society rescues dogs, which are considered as ‘at risk’ with mental or physical injury; abandonment; or cruelty subjected to inhumane treatment. The Great Pyrenees of all ages are found and rehabilitated for people to volunteer and adopt them. People come forward to offer support through donations; foster homes, volunteer help and adopt the dogs to give them a permanent home.
GPRS has certain requirements and verification before the dogs are let out for an adoption. People who wish to adopt go through a small process of filling an application, after which the current situation of the person who wishes to adopt is discussed and analyzed. At times, the home of the adopter is also checked for the fencing safety of the pet and then a contract is signed before the pets are left out to their permanent homes.
GPRS Full Form: Great Plains Rehabilitation Services
Full Form of GPRS stands for Great Plains Rehabilitation Services. It is a division of the St. Alexius Medical Center that provides medical product service to various medical facilities, health care professionals, and the general public at home. Great Plains Rehabilitation Services makes use of its community presence for providing the required medical supplies and equipment for individuals to lead independent and active lives.
Some of the essential home medical equipment include; bathroom safety; wheelchairs; walkers; urinary supplies; all sorts of home oxygen concentrators; self-help aids; scooters; and everything that is required for individuals with medical care – both at home and hospitals. The organization has over 5000 home medical equipment as well as supplies with the highest innovation for the modern needs.
GPRS offers comprehensive solutions to all sorts of medical support through the supply of a range of equipment and home services. The entire range of supplies include; home and vehicle accessibility; women’s specialty products like breastfeeding and maternity apparel; seating and mobility services like electronic wheelchair controls, seating systems; Orthotic and Prosthetic services like custom-fit surgical hosiery, etc. GPRS has a team of extremely qualified and compassionate professionals who can offer the finest medical products that are highly competent and safe.
Full Form of GPRS: Ground Penetrating Radar System
GPRS Full Form refers to Ground Penetrating Radar System. GPRS or Ground Penetrating Radar System is a geophysical concept, which is made of three key components – the control unit; the antenna; and the power supply. It basically uses a radio signal of high frequency, which is transmitted to the earth and the reflected signals are sent back to the receiver to be preserved on a digital media. The computer system measures the to and fro time is taken for each pulse, in order to derive the location and depth. The signals reflected are normally interpreted and displayed on the LCD panel of the unit.
In other words, GPRS is a geophysical concept, which uses radar pulses in order to image below the earth’s surface. It is a nondestructive and safe method that applies electromagnetic radiation in UHF/VHF frequencies of radio spectrum. It can be applied to various mediums including soil, rock, fresh water, ice, structures, and pavements. The polarized high-frequency radio waves range between 10 MHz to 1 GHz.
So essentially a GPRS comprises of various power supplies that range from tiny rechargeable ones to huge vehicle batteries, adapters; connectors; etc. The computer in the ground is typically a part of the GPRS and contains solid state memory in the form of hard disks to store and examine data.
GPRS Full Form: Grant Payment Request System
Full Form of GPRS stands for Grant Payment Request System. GPRS application refers to the web-based payment request system, which allows the grant recipients to post payment requests through The Internet. The Grant Payment Request System has taken the place of the earlier payment system of OJP or Office of Justice Program and the PAPRS or Phone Activated Paperless Request System. GPRS has all features of these old systems in addition to some new features.
To simply put, GPRS can be termed as an upgraded payment request system, which is web-based for people to have easy access by registering online. Though requesting a payment through online registration and login is quite simple, there are few terms to be aware of:
- Advance: It refers to the funds, which are requested before the expenses are incurred.at times the claim dates of expense can happen 10 days before the request is made.
- Payment Amount: It is the amount requested. However, not all can draw the entire amount in one request. It requires certain awards and at least two requests to draw the entire amount.
- Expense Claim Dates: these are the start and end dates for the expenses that were/to be incurred. If a recipient has to submit many payment requests, the dates must not be same or overlap.
Some of the additional features of GPRS include; individual secure login with tracking audit for each award; ability to post payment request anytime/any day including blackout periods; ability to view a status of submitted request and print or export transaction history. Whenever a grant is awarded, the recipient will receive complete information on accessing the GPRS and funding resources through email.
Full Form of GPRS: Ghana Poverty Reduction Strategy
GPRS Full Form refers to Ghana Poverty Reduction Strategy. Ghana is a country located on the West Coast of Africa and is a very thriving democracy in the continent. Ghana has pursued many programs in order to accelerate the country’s economic growth. Ghana Poverty Reduction Strategy represents comprehensive strategies, policies, projects, and programs to support growth over a 3-year period. The Ghana government had the vision to create wealth by transforming the economy in order to achieve growth and reduce poverty.
Ghana has been pursuing many programs to boost the economical growth. In 1995, ‘Ghana: Vision 2020’ was presented by the government and with the prime objective of making Ghana a country with middle-income within 25 years. It focused on the economic growth, human development, urban and rural development, infrastructure development, etc. This was followed by Ghana Poverty Reduction Strategy, which took up the objective to focus on the main issue of unemployment. Some of the strategies to achieve the goal were; ensuring efficient economic management to accelerate growth; provide direct support for human development; provide basic services; provide special programs to support the excluded and vulnerable; ensure good governance; to increase the capacity of the public sector; and more.
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