Full Form of DRDO :
Defence Research and Development Organization
DRDO Full Form is Defence Research and Development Organization. It works under the Defence Ministry and is responsible for defence related research and development in India. DRDO is considered to be the largest and arguably most diverse organization in India. DRDO was formed in the year 1958 after merging the Technical Development Establishment with Defence Science Organisation.
Today, it has more than 52 laboratories spread across the nation employing more than 6,000 scientists & 26,000 scientific and technical staff. DRDO has its headquarters in New Delhi. Over the years, DRDO has developed various missiles which are effectively used by the Indian Army. Notable missiles developed by DRDO are Agni Missile, Akash Missile, Trishul Missile , Prithvi Missile and Nag Missile.
DRDO Full Form – Additional Information
The agency responsible for the development and research with the military of India is referred to as DRDO or Defence Research and Development Organization. Its head office is present in Delhi. Its control is in the hands of the Defence Ministry of India. In the year 1958, the Technical Development Directorate was merged with the Defence Organization, which led to the formation of DRDO.
This organization has five laboratories in its network. These labs are responsible for the development of defence technologies which includes numerous areas like missiles, life sciences, electronics, aeronautics, naval systems, materials, land combat engineering, and armaments. It is the biggest organization in India. It is also highly diverse. The DRDO has employed thirty thousand people, out of which seven thousand are scientists and the rest of them are technical assistants and officers. The annual budget allotted for it, as of the year 2012 was one billion dollars.
Aeronautics division of DRDO
Many projects are undertaken by DRDO in the field of aeronautics. The essential avionics are provided by this organization for the program known as Sukhoi Su-30mki. It has developed systems like display computers, radars, and radar warning receivers. The radar computers made by it are also being utilized into the Su-30s of Malaysia.
The combat aircraft, like Sepecat Jaguar and Mig-27, are upgraded by the DRDO along with the HAL or Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. These form an essential portion of the up-gradation program of the Air Force in India. The main responsibility of both HAL, as well as DRDO, is to design the systems and to integrate these upgrades, which involves the combination of the imported systems and the indigenous ones.
The subsystems contributed by the DRDO include cockpit instruments, avionics computers, cockpit displays and brake parachutes. The aircraft of the fifth generation are designed as well as developed by the DRDO’s aeronautical development portion. More than seven hundred employees of the ADA along with nearly two thousand of them of the DRDO were engaged in this project in the year 2015.
Electronics division of DRDO
Numerous systems for electronic warfare are developed by the DRDO. The radar warning systems developed by them are used for the up-gradation of multiple aircraft of the Indian Air Force like Mig-27, 29 and 21; Su-30Mki and Jaguar. It is also responsible for the development of Tranquil RWR and a jamming system known as Tempest. This jamming system uses DRFM. Hence, it has the capability of jamming barrage and noise, along with deception jamming.
The other projects undertaken by this organization consist of the MAWS. It is undertaken by the joint venture between the EADS and the DRDO. Under this project, the software developed by the DRDO and the hardware of EADS are used for developing the MAWS systems. This system is used in fighter fleets, helicopters, and transport. It is also responsible for the development of the laser warning systems.
The DRDO, along with the Air Force of India is developing ‘Divya Drishti’, which is basically an ESM project. The Divya Drishti will be responsible for fielding the mobile ESM stations along with the static stations. These stations have the capability of tracking and fingerprinting numerous airborne targets for the purposes of mission analysis.
In the area of supercomputing, a supercomputer referred to as the Pace+ has been developed by the DRDO. The number of advanced nodes used for computing in this supercomputer is thirty-two. Each node has a memory of sixty-four megabytes, and it can be further expanded to two hundred and fifty-six megabytes. It is being utilized in fields such as neural networks, processing of signals, vision, and analysis of finite elements, molecular modelling, and medical imaging.
A large number of processors along with the applications have been developed by the DRDO for some of its complex projects. A majority of these systems can be utilized in more than one project. One of them is the Pythagoras Processor. It is used for conversion of the Cartesian coordinates to the polar coordinates. Another system developed by the organization is ANUCO, which is basically a coprocessor of the floating point category.
Naval Development and Research
The DRDO has developed numerous systems in the area of naval development and research. A large variety of sonars has been developed by the DRDO in cooperation with the Indian Navy and BEL. These are being used in the front line combat ships of the Indian Navy. Some of these are Humvad, Panchendriya, Apsoh, Nagin, and Humsa. The sonars of the new generation, like Mihir, are being developed by the organization.
The majority of the powerful ships of the Indian Navy rely heavily on the sonars made by the DRDO; hence, these are among the highly successful achievements of the DRDO. A large number of torpedo designs are also being developed by it. Some of them are Shyens, which is an advanced torpedo made by the NSTL, a part of the DRDO; lightweight torpedo and Varunastra, which a torpedo of the heavyweight category.
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