Full Form of DJ :
DJ Full Form is Disc Jockey. DJ represents anyone who plays music recordings as his or her career. The role of a DJ might vary depending on which venue the person is setting up the music. For instance, a DJ could also work with a radio station to play the selection of music from a given playlist provided by the management. A DJ may also take the role of organizing a musical evening at a wedding and be in charge of playing the selection chosen by the couple and others.
Most often, a DJ is expected to interact with the audience and entertain them by making them dance for a number or announcing the event highlights and cheer the crowd. At times, a DJ also takes charge of playing music in a club or bar. But unlike wedding events, here, he or she takes charge of mixing tracks of popular songs and best beats for the situation.
DJ Full Form – Additional Information
The younger generation today is always anxious to have good time and weekends spell merry making and parties. These can be house parties or the ones held in a pub or other places. Nonetheless, a party is never complete without pulsating music that keeps the feet tapping and the bodies and moods swinging. It is for this purpose that a disc jockey or DJ is appointed – to create good music to bring life into the party.
Role of a DJ
In earlier times, disc jockeys were responsible for hosting programs on the radio station and seldom at live events. The person who would take up this responsibility had to be very well versed with current topics and some knowledge about music. The sole aim of the disc jockey was to host radio programs, conduct interviews and have live talks with the audience and play their requested music. The disc jockeys were so called because they played music from vinyl discs or records. They mixed the music to create a medley of tunes and beats that were unique and appealing.
Even though earlier the gramophone records were used to mix the music, the current day deejays use various equipments to create the stunning sound effects. DJs perform at live concerts and also mix and record music for future use. The genre is usually Hip Hop, Electronica or Reggae combined with some rock, classical music or jazz or heavy metal to give a totally unique fusion that is popular at pubs or parties and perfects to set the mood on the dance floor.
There are many roles that a deejay is expected to play. It can be master of ceremonies at events like marriages or other functions where they supervise the proceedings of the function as well as keep the guests engrossed in the events that follow. Mobile DJs carry portable music system to play recorded music at events and Club DJs are an expert in mixing music in the nightclubs, pubs or discos where the crowd dances to the music or just get entertained over a drink.
A Disc Jockey is appointed to entertain the crowd with foot tapping music. These are people who have special ears for music and with their headphones on the DJs analyze and blend music from different sources seamlessly to produce some pulsating rhythms. There are many techniques used to create special sounds. The most common are using two or more turntables. There are synthesizers, equalizers, sequencers and many more equipments that help the DJ in getting the right type of music.
The disc jockeys use beat matching and streamline one song into another to make it appear as a continuous playback. Deejays are music lovers who know exactly how to catch the mood of the people and play music that can keep the crowd on the dance floor, enjoying every piece that is played. Every pub and disco have the popularity for playing a particular type of music that is accepted and enjoyed by the frequent members. However, the DJ should follow the trend and create music accordingly.
Disc Jockey is expected to keep abreast of latest trends in the music world and try and experiment with music to bring out some unique beats and rhythm. For this, the DJs spend hours in record shops hunting for good tracks that they can mix and they listen to the music to find the good spots for transition into the next track.
Different Equipments used by DJs
In order to enable smooth switch over from one track to the other, the deejays use various equipments to achieve the desired effects. The traditional way adopted by DJs is using two turntables with vinyl records to mix music and this is attached to a DJ mixer. The DJ has headphones on and through that he listens and gauges the moment when the beats can be blended with the new track. This is a highly skilled job; else the music falls flat and does not seem properly streamed.
- Turntables: These are the basic equipments used to make music. By replacing the rubber matting on the turntable with slip-mat the DJ manipulates the playback speed of the record by hand. The speed adjustment enables the DJ to match the tempo of the two different tracks without clashing the beats or rhythm. This technique is called “beat-matching”. Music is also created by converting the turntables into musical instruments and developing notes by techniques like beat juggling, scratching, etc.
- CDJs: These are sophisticated digital media players for DJ routine. They are somewhat larger jog wheels teamed with pitch control that enables the DJ to manipulate the beats through the playback of digital files rather than vinyl records.
- Headphones: DJs use headphones that are different from normal use. They are specially designed to bar all outside sounds so that the DJ can catch the beats from the players well for mixing.
- DJ Mixers: These are small consoles used for audio mixing. They are usually attached to the turntables to help in synchronizing the beats and rhythm of tracks from different turntables.
- DJ music software: With advanced technology, it is now possible to record and play music with all the mixing effects through the computer. For the convenience of the DJs, music that is stored digitally on the laptop can be played back with ease without having the need to carry heavy instruments like the turntables and mixers or the vinyl records. The software installed in the laptop allows the DJ to play 2 audio files simultaneously and see the beats in the waveform. These waves can be interpreted by the DJ to understand the rhythm and the software automatically synchronizes the beats to give a streamline performance.
Other additional equipments are controllers, electronic musical keyboards, microphone to announce the songs and have a live chat with the audience, electronic sound effect units (equalizer, chorus, etc)
Techniques and Styles
A good DJ is the one who can produce mind blowing music from some existing tracks. The skill lies in adapting techniques like equalizing, cueing and audio mix of two or more soundtracks. Radio DJs are not required to follow intricate methods to get good music. However, club DJs play to a live audience and thus a smooth transition of music is necessary. They use methods like beat-matching, slip-cueing, and phrasing (mixing of high and low tempo beats) in order to keep the energy level constant on the dance floor. Beat juggling, back spinning, scratching, cutting, needle drop are some techniques used on the turntable. Harmonic Mixing is selected by more professional DJs for songs selection that are in matching musical notes.
Career as a DJ
With a majority of the present generation involved in partying and pub hopping, it is a very lucrative field to be a disc jockey. There are special Music and Arts courses conducted for this purpose and there are colleges abroad that conduct degree courses in the DJing field. Here the candidates are given formal training in fine arts and through the course, they are given a chance of internship at some club or radio station where they get hands-on experience in handling the various equipments.
The DJ ought to know a lot about music in order to understand the various tunes, beats, and rhythms. The excellent output of mixing can be possible only if the DJ has thorough knowledge about the different music genres like hip-hop, jazz, rock, techno, etc. Study and know-how about different musical instruments help in effortless synchronization of different tones and beats that produce a pulsating and foot-tapping music for the dance.
This is the age of lavish weddings and other functions where music and dance plays an integral part of the do. In order to keep the mood alive and kicking, it is essential to have lively music that can keep the people happy on their toes and permit everyone to have a fun time. Thus, it is the best opportunity for the DJs to exhibit their skills and earn some handsome amount. House parties, pubs, discos, college gatherings are different avenues where the DJs get invited. If a person has a fondness for music and is quick to catch a tune, then DJ is a perfect career for him / her.
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