Full Form of CSS :
Cascading Style Sheets
CSS Full Form is Cascading Style Sheets. CSS is a language developed in 1997 to define the feel and look of web pages. This was to help the web developers to separate designs and contents so that HTML can perform its functions better. Though it was invented in 1997, it gained its popularity only from 2000. This was when various web browsers started using CSS to a greater extent. Currently, almost all modern web browsers support CSS.
This includes all of level 1 CSS, few of level 2 CSS and certain aspects of the level 3 CSS. In the name CSS or cascading style sheets, ‘style sheets’ refer to the documents. For several years, document designs have been using CSS. The term ‘cascade’ is used because; the web style sheets are supposed to cascade or pass through several style sheets for the desired effect.
CSS Full Form – Central Secretariat Service
Full Form of CSS is Central Secretariat Service. CSS refers to the administrative civil service falling under Group A & B of the Central Civil Services that belong to the executive wing of the Government of India. CSS is governed by the rules enacted under the Central Secretariat Service Rules 1962. These rules have been framed under the powers entailed in Article 309 of the Indian Constitution. CSS functions as the support system to the administrative wing of the Government and is a place for permanent bureaucracy.
The Imperial Secretariat Service came into existence in the year 1919 as an offshoot of the Lewllyn Smith Committee which was constituted for the implementation of Montague-Chelmsford Reforms. The position of Assistant Secretary was filled by those officers under the Imperial Secretariat Service. In the year 1946, the Imperial Secretariat Service was substituted by CSS but in Pakistan, a similar service was formed under the name Central Superior Services of Pakistan, later rechristened as Office Management Group (abbreviated as OMG). Thus, CSS is one of the foremost organized civil services in the country.
Up till the year 2003, 50% of the direct recruitment in the services was done through the prestigious Civil Services Examination, which is organized by the Union Public Service Commission (abbreviated as UPSC) and the other 25% was done through the Annual Department Examination and finally the remaining 25% was done through promotion.
After cadre restructuring in the year 2003, direct recruitment via the Civil Services Examination has been done away with. Seniority is an essential factor in the recruitment into the services now. The prestige of CSS has been tainted with accusations of systemic corruption and nepotism. Many frauds and cases of embezzlement have come to the fore which have only highlighted a sad state of affairs of bureaucracy in the country.