Full Form of CIM:
Computer Integrated Manufacturing
CIM Full Form is Computer Integrated Manufacturing. CIM is essentially a manufacturing approach of utilising computers for the purposes of controlling the entire production process. This process enables individual processes to communicate information with each other. The primary advantage in using CIM is the ability to develop an automated manufacturing process. Generally, CIM depends on what are known as closed-loop control processes which are based on real time input coming from sensors. CIM is also commonly called flexible design and manufacturing.
CIM is made use of in space, automotive, shipbuilding and aviation industries. The CIM terminology indicates both the name of a system which is computer-automated and a method of manufacturing in which functions such as production, individual engineering, support functions and marketing of a manufacturing enterprise are properly organised. In a typical CIM system, functional areas like analysis, design, purchasing, inventory control, and cost accounting are connected by means of the computer performing factory floor functions like materials management and handling and thus, provisioning direct monitoring of all operations.
As a mode of manufacturing, there are three components that distinguish CIM from other kinds of manufacturing technologies: (1) Means for data retrieval, storage, presentation and manipulation; (2) Mechanisms for the purposes of sensing state as well as modifying processes; (3) Algorithms aiming to unite the data processing component and the modification/sensor component. CIM is regarded as one of the best examples of the incorporation of the Information and Communication technologies (abbreviated as ICTs) in the field of manufacturing. Some factors taken into account while deliberating on the implementation of a CIM are the company’s experience, the personnel’s experience, the volume of production, the level of the which the whole integration happens, etc.
CIM is considered more useful at higher levels of ICT in a facility of a company and in the presence of process planning. Some of the key challenges involved in the use of CIM are as follows:
- The issue relating to the integration of various components coming from various suppliers in which different machines like conveyors or CNC make use of distinct communication protocols that may result in problems.
- Data Integrity is another problem. The higher the level of automation is, the more critical the data’s integrity used for controlling machine is. There is a need to employ greater labour force to ensure observance of adequate safeguards.
- Process Control is yet another issue. In this issue, the computer may be utilised for assisting human operators involved in the manufacturing facility but there may still be unforeseeable processing issues.