** CGPA Full Form** is

**Cumulative Grade Point Average**. CGPA is a grading system used in schools or colleges to measure the academic performance of students. CGPA gives the final average of all grade points that are obtained in all subjects other than the additional subject. However, based on the scheme the calculation could vary. Since CGPA is given as a point in relation with

**10**, in order to obtain the percentage value the CGPA has to be multiplied with

**9.5**. For example, if the CGPA of a student is

**9.2**then the equivalent percentage of marks would be

**87.4% (9.2X9.5 = 87.4)**.

Based on the range of marks, the grade and grade point are determined. The grades include A1, A2, B1, B2, C1, C2, D, E1, and E2, in descending order respectively. The highest grade point one receives on scoring an A1 would be 10.0 while the lowest on scoring a D would be 4.0. It is the CGPA that determines the further admission for a student for higher studies.

We all know that when it comes to education, all that one thinks of is grades and marks percentage. Some think that it is a rat race. But without this gradation, there is no future for higher academic pursuit. GPA or grade point average was devised to facilitate admission process for higher studies as well as a means to keep the student’s performance always on the go.

**CGPA Full Form – Additional Information**

CGPA or Cumulative Grade Point Average is a system of grade calculation by finding the average of grade points obtained by a student in his/her academic career. Grade Point Average is usually calculated for a specific period from middle school to high school to see the average score of the student’s performance.

In many universities, the GPA is calculated for undergraduate and graduate programs and is the grading per semester of marks for subjects as well as grades for extra-curricular activities. However, by the end of the course, the entire span’s grades are considered and an average is obtained which is known as CGPA or Cumulative Grade Point Average.

The grading is either in alphabetical form from O, A, B, C, D, E, F where O stands for outstanding, A is excellent, B is Very Good, C is Good, D is Average, E is Below Average and F is Fail. The marks range for each of the alphabetical representation may vary from institute to institute. For some, the O level is 80-85 and above, whereas others may have 90+. This goes on for other categories also.

However, when we say Average marks, it is below 60 but above 50. The Below Average range is 40-49 and in all cases, marks below 40 account to failure. The numerical representation of grades may also vary from different institutes. Some choose to have the 7 point system of 5-10 and 0 is Fail. Others may have from 1-7 where 1 is Fail.

**Table of Gradation and Its Representation in Various Institutes**

This is the general grading for the University of Mumbai and other colleges. Sometimes the higher mark tab may start from 70+. However, technical institutes have a very stringent grading system and institute like IITs, NIT and BITS have their own grading as per the course standards. The grades are calculated by taking into account the continuous assessment marks of the student along with the project work, quiz marks, contribution in class discussions and attendance on the roll. The following table is taken from Wikipedia that shows typical grade system in IIT Madras.

As one can see, for gradation purpose only the examination performance is not sufficient. There needs to be a constant involvement in the academic circuit through co-curricular and extra- curricular activities, participation in various group discussions and quizzes as well as maintenance of mandatory attendance. This motivates the students to take the courses seriously and there is no lapse or last minute rush to gain decent marks.

**Advantages of adopting CGPA System**

Whenever a new system is introduced there are bound be reactions and counter reactions stating the pros and cons of introducing the system. Let us look at the pros first. In schools, this system means fewer burdens on the students. Since the grades are not based on the final examination only, but calculated with continuous assessments in consideration along with final exam marks, it does not stress the students to burn the midnight’s lamp and mug up the portion.

The pattern of units and assessments related to the units ensures that the child is well prepared at all times and once the unit is over, there is no need to revise it for the future exams. Since the grades are based not only on studies but also active participation in school activities, the student is encouraged to showcase his hidden talents and develop an outgoing personality.

As far as colleges and universities are concerned, almost the same norm applies. The stringent attendance rule makes sure that the student attends his lectures on a regular basis and does not miss classes. The group discussions, quizzes etc encourages the person to sharpen the brain and wits to emerge a winner. Semester wise study lessens the burden of memorizing difficult, long chapters and also imbibes a good habit of daily study to score in continuous assessments.

The grades are generalized in particular marking range and not marks specific. This is enough to boost the morale of students who strive to do better yet feel that they cannot compete with the class toppers. The mention of marks may demoralize them, but here since 95+ as well as 85+ come under the same category of grade point, the lower scoring students feel good that they have managed to come at par with the toppers and some day they too can achieve the high score.

**Disadvantages of CGPA System**

Every coin has a flip side. Just as there are positive traits for adopting the grading system, there are some negative issues too. Since the grades of the toppers, as well as average students, are sometimes categorized under the same grade, this may hurt the outstanding students as they feel that their special efforts are not recognized as exemplary and average students are given the same leverage.

Just as the toppers may resent this arrangement, the average students may think differently. For them, even the slightest of sincere input puts them at par with excellent students, so they feel that they need not work extra since they will have the same grade advantage as the studious ones.

Since the grades are given per semester in college or unit study in schools, the students study for the assessment to get the required grade and show less interest towards the final exams, as they know that the CGPA is finally their year-long performance and not only the final exam.

Another disadvantage is that such grades are just explanatory about the student’s overall performance in academics and activities. However, it does not ascertain the true potential of the person and a person with lower grades may not necessarily be useless or failure in life.

**What is the use of CGPA?**

For many companies when they hire a person they want to make sure that they have a right candidate for the job. To a certain degree, the CGPA helps to gauge whether the person has the potential to take up the responsibilities or not. Maybe it is a common logic that if a person has strived to attain good grades, then there has to be sincerity involved in the efforts. So the same kind of sincere output can be expected at work. Whatever be the reason of introducing this grading system, it is here to stay and is followed by different pattern all over the world.

**GPA** – **Grade Point Average** – This is also a grading system which gives the performance of a student in one semester or term. The average of all the grade points along with other grades obtained in the practical classes and project works will give the CGPA.