Full Form of CERN:
Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire (French)
European Council for Nuclear Research (English)
CERN Full Form is Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire. CERN is an organization of high energy particle physics and has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. CERN was founded in the year 1954 and members of this organization consist of about twenty countries currently. In the year 1955, CERN council first met officially. The first particle accelerator of CERN began its operation in the year 1957.
At CERN, engineers and physicists are researching the basic structure of the universe. They are using the most complex and the largest scientific equipment of the world in order to study the basic matter constituents – the fundamental particles. Such processes provide clues to physicists about the nature of particle interaction and also shed a light on the basic laws of nature.
CERN uses instruments like detectors and particle accelerators. Accelerators boost particle beams to high levels of energy before they collide either with stationary objects or with each other. Detectors, on the other hand, observe the results of these collisions and record them.
Since CERN is a joint effort between the governments of different countries, countries that have small population can also take part in the experiments of advanced physics, without burdening their science budgets. CERN also helps in developing understanding and international cooperation.