Full Form of BSc:
Bachelor of Science
BSc Full Form is Bachelor of Science. Bsc is an undergraduate degree course which comprises of 3 years on an accredited college. Though the name implies the subject science, this degree is awarded to various subject specializations. Some of them include Mathematics, Computer Science, Information Technology, Agriculture, Social Sciences, Nursing and specific branches of science like Physics, Chemistry, Botany, and Zoology.
It is a very popular course in India and has almost become an inevitable course in the colleges. Anyone who has completed HSC (Higher Secondary Certificate) or 10 + 2 courses with the mandatory subjects of math, chemistry, physics and biology is eligible to apply for BSc. After completing BSc, a student can either opt to apply for jobs or pursue higher education of MSc (Master of Science) or post graduation in management like MBA. The job opportunities for a BSC student could either be in a science field or non-science field.
BSc Full Form – Additional Information
The derivation of Bachelor of Science is obtained from a Latin phrase Scientia Baccalaureus. It is basically an undergraduate degree obtained by the students who have completed the study programs successfully. The duration of these programs is usually 3 years. There are several subjects on which this degree is offered in India. These subjects can be divided into 2 categories, which are honors courses and pass courses. The science colleges of India offer the B.Sc degrees of 3 years.
The students are required to choose the specialization domain from the different available options. The options usually include biotechnology, chemistry, computer science and much more. The study programs are designed to fulfill all the requirements of the students. The curriculum structure of the study program of this degree is similar to the study programs of the other bachelor’s degree or undergraduate courses. In the three-year programs, there are 2 semesters every year. In many specialization domains, the subjects like English and Math are compulsory for the students.
Eligibility Criteria for BSc Course
There are certain eligibility criteria for the B.Sc degree. The students need to qualify them in order to enter into its study programs. The students that are diploma holders can apply for the courses of this degree. The examination of twelfth class or higher secondary board must be passed successfully by the students. This criterion also applies for the other equivalent exams.
The minimum marks required for obtaining admission in the desired subject must be obtained by the students. These cut-off marks are decided by the respective universities as well as colleges. The students must have studied the subjects of science in their course of the twelfth class. The minimum age for this degree is eighteen years. The maximum age for the same is twenty-three years.
BSc Admission process
In order to gain entrance into the study programs of the B.Sc degree in India, usually no entrance exams are conducted. For certain courses, entrance exams are conducted by some colleges and universities. For example, famous institutes like AIIMS or All India Institute of Medical Sciences and Banaras Hindu University conducts entrance exam for the B.Sc aspirants for the nursing course.
The issuing of the application forms of this degree in different colleges is done during June as well as July. All the required credentials, as well as documents that include mark sheets, residential certificate, school leaving certificate, etc, must be furnished by the students before applying for the courses of this degree. The students obtain admission in accordance with their merits.
Difference between B.Sc (General) and B.Sc (Honours)
The designing of the BSc (general) is done for offering the foundation knowledge to the students on career based science. A broad foundation on the science subject is provided by it, and it opens numerous career possibilities in the science field. On the other hand, the BSc (honours) helps in the development of skills related to advance research and theory in students.
With the help of this, the students can build an advanced academic or professional career. For those who desire to pursue postgraduate degrees like Ph.D. and MSc, the study programs of B.Sc (honours) are highly appropriate. The BSc (general) does not provide specialization. All subjects of science like biology, maths, chemistry and life sciences are covered in the course. On the other hand, B.Sc honours provide specialization in math, botany, chemistry, biomedical sciences, biochemistry, etc.
Career Prospects after getting BSc degree
The students, after successfully completing the study program of this degree, can apply for vacancies or employments that suit them. There are many opportunities available in the public sector as well as private sector, which can provide an adequate boost to their career. In the case of the private sector, many employment opportunities are present in technical consultancy firms, pharmaceutical companies, development and research labs for companies and much more. In the public sector, the BSc students can apply for SET, PO exams, PSC exam, civil services, etc. Apart from these fields, the students can also make their career in the areas of marketing and business. They can also apply for research jobs in the government sector.
BSc programs in other countries
In the nations like the US and Canada, the students enter into a 4-year study program. The fields under which the degree is offered includes economics, computer science, engineering, math and natural science. Presently, numerous universities provide accelerated programs of three years.
Numerous European universities are altering the B.Sc systems into that of BA/MA. A fully equivalent program of MSC as well as BSc is offered by them as well.
The study programs of this degree in Brazil extend from four to six years. The Brazilian universities provide this degree in scientific courses like Physics, Math, Science; Human Arts like Literature, History, Law, Portuguese and Health Arts like Veterinary, Nursing, Medicine, and Biology.