BHMS Full Form is Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery. BHMS is a 5 1/2-year course in the medical field associated with homeopathic medicines. Homeopathy is a system of medicine based on treatment methods that use diluted substance in the form of tiny sugar balls or powder. The course includes 6 months of internship after the student completes his final examination.
The entire course offers basic to in-depth knowledge related to Homeopathic medicine. This course can also be pursued through a distant education program. To enroll in BHMS, a student must have passed 12th class (10+2) with main subjects like Chemistry, Physics, English, and Biology. The admission is mainly based on merit. Certain states offer joint exam for entrance for M.B.B.S., B.D.S., and B.H.M.S courses. The subjects one can study in the BHMS course include Homoeopathic Material Medica, Homeopathic Pharmacy, Homoeopathic Philosophy, Bio-Chemistry, Homoeopathic Repertory, etc.
Medical science is a universe in itself. There are so many fields and for that matter sub-fields that comprise this universe. Medical science is one of the most fundamental fields for humankind, as it pertains to the treatment of human beings and other organisms. Because it has inherent importance, it has great value in the world today. There is no gainsaying that medical science is one of the most expensive education systems in the world nevertheless, it is one of the most profitable ones too. With time, there is an increase in the number of degree courses and specializations one can get in medical science and one such is Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery.
BHMS Full Form – Important Information
Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery, as mentioned earlier, is primarily an undergraduate degree course in medical science, which prepares students in homeopathy, the field of alternative medicines. This degree provides deep knowledge in the nitty-gritty of homeopathy and makes the student eligible to become a doctor in homeopathy and use the prefix Dr. A BHMS degree is a very viable option, if we take into consideration economic aspects because the third most popularly reported medication system in our country India is Homeopathy itself.
It is one of the favorites among Indian patients because it is cost-effective and generally generates no side effects. Homeopathy, after all, is a science that studies mind, emotions and body and the connection among them, which ultimately helps in determining the remedies. Apart from what that has been stated above, there are many facets in BHMS and in Homeopathy that must be known to everyone. So, we shall explore few very important aspects about BHMS. Here are five things about BHMS that you must know about.
Before we move on to various technicalities of BHMS, let us briefly explore what Homeopathy as a medical science is. Homeopathy emerged in the year 1796 when the founder Samuel Hahnemann came up with a system on alternative medicines. Homeopathy is based on the theory that the elements that are responsible for diseases in healthy persons can be used to treat similar symptoms in ailing persons.
Thus, this makes Homeopathy a pseudoscience. In this system, the patient is treated by providing intakes of high dilutions of certain homeopathic substances, which are generally in tablet or liquid form. Such system is considered to possess healing powers though there are many critics of the same. There are countries that stringently regulate homeopathy while others are lax. Many countries require the practitioner to obtain a relevant degree in this respect.
The Indian Government has recognized Homeopathy as a part of the national medical system and is regulated by the Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy under the aegis of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. In the year 1973, the Central Council of Homeopathy was founded that is responsible for overseeing higher education in the field of Homeopathy.
BHMS Course Details
Now that we have understood, in brief, what Homeopathy, as a science or rather pseudoscience, is, we shall move to the course BHMS. Ever since the establishment of the Central Council of Homeopathy in the year 1973, there has been a tremendous rise in the number of colleges and universities offering a course on Homeopathy. Apart from degree courses, there are many online and diploma courses that interested students can resort to.
BHMS, as mentioned earlier, an undergraduate course that imparts knowledge on the homeopathic system. The overall duration of the course is around 5 years, which comprises four and a half years of academic session followed by a year-long internship in live surroundings for the purposes of gaining practical skills. There are distance learning programs available for interested students as well. In a typical BHMS course, the following are part of the syllabus:
- An Introduction to the science of Herbology
- Fundamentals of the science on Ayurvedic plant healing
- Nutritional therapies and the application of the same for healing purposes
- Various principles underlying Homeopathy
- Techniques relating to body and mind healing
- An Introduction to the field of alternative medicine
- Study of Immunology and various disorders relating to immunity system
- Study of the conventional Chinese medicinal science
- Study on healthy lifestyle
Eligibility Criteria for BHMS
The primary requirement for anyone to enroll in a BHMS course is to qualify 10+2 examinations with minimum 50 percent marks. The requirement may differ with reservation categories. It is necessary that the interested student had studied Chemistry, Biology, and Physics in 12th class. If one satisfies this requirement, he/she is required to go through various state level and national level medical examinations that are conducted annually.
There is minimum age bar at 17 years. There may be varying criteria and many times one might find the organization of state level examinations, along with that of Bachelor of Dental Surgery (abbreviated as BDS) and Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (abbreviated as MBBS). The final selection shall depend on upon score and the cut off set. The marks obtained in class 12th shall also be taken into consideration and therefore, have considerable weight in the whole process of admission.
Specialization in BHMS
After having successfully finished off with BHMS, one has the option of getting a specialization in many sub-fields in Homeopathy. For that, of course, BHMS is a must. The following are fields where a specialization can be pursued:
- Skin Specialist
- Homeopathic Pharmacy
Careers after BHMS
BHMS is a fairly popular course in the country and there are many prospects in a career. One can be a lecturer, or work as a consultant, or take on private practice, or become a public health specialist, or a doctor, or a therapist or a scientist and whatnot. There are different kinds of opportunities available to a BHMS graduate. With an experience of two to three years, one can earn 30k to 50k per month, depending upon various other factors.