Full Form of ASIC:
Application Specific Integrated Circuit
ASIC Full Form is Application Specific Integrated Circuit. An application-specific integrated circuit is a kind of integrated circuit customized for a specific use, and not for general-purpose use. An ASIC improves speed as its main function is to perform a particular task given as compared to the programmable logic device or a standard integrated logic circuit.
As ASIC can be customized as per the need of the user one can design it small in order to ensure low electricity consumption. A major drawback of this circuit is that it can be expensive to design a customized circuit especially if only a few units are needed. An ASIC is found in most of the electronic devices and its use can range from image to sound conversion. As all ASICs are custom-made and available only with the company that designed them. The three different categories of ASICS are as follows:
- Full-Custom ASICS: The circuit is customized especially for a specific application. The ultimate purpose of the circuit is decided by the designer. All the layers of this integrated circuit are fully defined to avoid any modification during manufacturing.
- Semi-Custom ASICs: The circuit is customized partly to perform different functions of an application. The ASICS allows modification if any during manufacturing.
- Platform ASICs: The circuit is designed & manufactured from a defined set of methodologies and specifications. The cost of manufacturing Platform ASICs is relatively low. Platform ASICs are made up of predefined platform slices which are pre-manufactured logics for the entire system. The pre-manufactured material reduces development costs for the circuits.