Full Form of ASCII :
American Standard Code for Information Interchange:
ASCII Full Form is American Standard Code for Information Interchange. ASCII is one of the most used formats of text files on the web and in computers. ASCII was initially derived from telegraph codes. It was developed by ANSI or American National Standards Institute. Every numerical, alphabetical, and special character in an ASCII file is denoted by a 7-bit binary code. It has become the standard format, which is vastly used to transfer texts between two or more computers. ASCII is used to receive and send emails. These files can also be used as the common denominator to convert data. For instance, if program A and program B have different formats, either of them can be converted if both programs can support ASCII file imports.
ASCII is a standard for character coding that is termed as the US-ASCII by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (abbreviated as IANA). The codes are representative of text in telecommunications equipment, computers, and other gadgets. Many modern character-encoding standards are premised upon ASCII, although there are additional characters added in them. ASCII was created from telegraph code. The first commercial use of the code was made in the form of a seven-bit teleprinter code that the Bell Data Services promoted. The development work on the code started on 6 October 1960, with the organization of the first meeting of the ASA (American Standards Association, which is now known as the American National Standards Institute) subcommittee.
In the year 1963, the first edition of the ASCII standard was published, which was revised in the year 1967. The most recent update was made in the year 1986. The standard was originally created on English Alphabet. It encodes 128 characters into 7-bit integers. The characters include numbers from 0 to 9, a to z, A to Z, control codes, punctuation symbols, and space. ASCII has been incorporated in the Unicode and the Universal Character Set (abbreviated as UCS) that have a wider range of characters and encoding forms. While ASCII is restricted to just 128 characters, UCS and Unicode offer more characters for encoding purposes.